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why were the spanish conquistadors bad

why were the spanish conquistadors bad

The viceroyalties were expected to be governed in America in precisely the same way as the king governed i… Bit of both really. “We felt the best way to deal with it was not to duck the issue,” said Bill Frank, the exhibit’s curator. They even believed much of it, and it affected their perception of New World reality. The Spanish Conquistadors were a brutal group of colonizers that managed to make the King of Spain very wealthy by robbing the natives of their fortune and lives. However, the conquistadors were far more interested in gold and loot. Please Help! B. Common soldiers wound up with a paltry 160 pesos of gold after the King of Spain, Cortes, and the other officers had taken their cut and made various payoffs. There are some who think Christopher Columbus was a bigoted dope who did not know he had discovered a new land when he bumped into what is now the Bahamas 500 years ago. They were conquering much of it. Wherever the conquistadors went, death, disease, and misery for the natives followed. The Spanish conquistadors took away the Indians right to their way of life and their land. On some other expeditions, men were lucky to get home alive, let alone with any gold: only four men survived the disastrous Panfilo de Narvaez (1478–1528) expedition to Florida which had begun with 400 men–Narváez was not among the survivors. The conquistadors were all volunteers, the majority of whom did not receive a fixed salary but instead a portion of the spoils of victory, in the form of precious metals, land grants and provision of native labour. S panish conquistadors, women, children and horses were imprisoned for months, sacrificed and eaten by contemporaries of the Aztecs, archaeologists report … ... Hard against the Portuguese frontier in the Spanish south-west, the region reckons itself the Land of Conquistadors. Many of the Spanish were already experienced soldiers who had previously campaigned in Europe. Cortes also secured an alliance with the free state of Tlaxcala, which provided him with thousands of fierce warriors who hated the Mexica and their allies. Select One: A. The Spanish were also met by warriors with bows, arrows, and clubs. Gatherings with anyone other than household members is banned in new county protocols. The deeds of the conquistadors were surely as amazing as those of the ancient Greeks or Romans. The cities of the Maya could have been it. The men in Spanish conquistador Hernan Cortes' (1485–1547) forces in Mexico, however, did not make out nearly as well. The river still bears the name to this day. “Secondly, we felt that people would appreciate it.”. Hernán Cortés owed his conquest of the Aztecs to his expedition's unknown, unseen secret weapon: the smallpox virus. Once word of the riches being sent out of Mexico by Hernan Cortes became common knowledge, thousands of desperate, greedy would-be conquistadors flocked to the New World. Why were they so often the Bad Guys? The word Conquistador literally means conqueror – the men and women who explored the New World, and claimed it’s land for the Spanish crown. Their units (compañia) would often specialize in forms of combat that required long periods of training that were too costly for informal groups. Public health officials in some counties are warning that unless the coronavirus surge can be stopped, hospitals could run out of beds in weeks. The Huntington Library’s exhibit “Spain in the Americas: What is the Legacy?” is intended to let people draw their own conclusions. The conquistadors were Spanish and Portuguese soldiers who explored much of the world during the Age of Discovery. Christopher Minster, Ph.D., is a professor at the ​Universidad San Francisco de Quito in Ecuador. Op-Ed: On the COVID frontlines, we’re tired of hearing lame excuses for risky behavior. The sailors were ordered to treat the natives humanely, and they were to be considered equal. A statue of Francisco Pizarro stood in the main square of Lima for many years but has recently been moved to a smaller, out-of-the-way city park. In Peru, Spanish conquistador Francisco Pizarro (1471–1541) demanded that the Incan Emperor Atahualpa (ca. Although the Conquistadors' arrival in the New World has been celebrated by many, it was far from a noble quest. They could not see how a group of people could follow such a god. What’s open and closed amid L.A.’s stricter COVID rules. Jl FilpoC / Wikimedia Commons / CC SA 4.0. Source for information on Spanish Conquistadors: U*X*L Encyclopedia of U.S. History dictionary. A few also had crude firearms known as Arquebus. The new rules, affecting stores, playgrounds and gatherings, are less severe than the stay-at-home order initiated in the spring. The Mexica (Aztec) Empire was largely comprised of vassal states which were eager to rise against their tyrannical masters. Dozens of expeditions set out, searching everywhere from the plains of North America to the jungles of South America. Arquebuses, smoothbore precursors to rifles, were not practical firearms in a fight, as they are slow to load and kill or wound only one enemy at a time, but the noise and smoke caused fear in native armies. Without these thousands of native warriors fighting alongside them, these legendary conquistadors would certainly have failed. Conquistadors like Hernan Cortes and Francisco Pizarro became legendary for their conquests of the Aztec and Inca Empires, honored as national heroes for centuries after their deaths. Their arrival in the Americas did lead to further exploration and discovery, but at significant cost. It should not be surprising, then, that squabbles between groups of these heavily-armed bandits should break out frequently. But even in the 16th century, questions were asked about the morality of their exploits. But the Spanish wanted to convert everyone to their religion. By using ThoughtCo, you accept our, But Many Conquistadors Didn't Get Much Gold, Modern Latin Americans Don't Necessarily Think Very Much of Them, 10 Notable Spanish Conquistadors Throughout History, 10 Facts About the Conquest of the Inca Empire, Consequences of the Conquest of the Aztecs, Biography of Francisco Pizarro, Spanish Conqueror of the Inca, Armor and Weapons of the Spanish Conquistadors, Biography of Francisco de Orellana, Discoverer of the Amazon River, Their Arms and Armor Made Them Nearly Unbeatable, The Treasures They Found Were Unimaginable, They Fruitlessly Searched for El Dorado for Centuries. And there are others who think the Italian explorer’s exploit--the quincentennial of which is being marked this year--was the greatest event that ever happened to mankind. Some may think that the conquistadors, in their fine armor and steel swords, conquered the mighty empires of Mexico and South America by themselves. Spanish ConquistadorsSpain was the first European country to build an empire in the New World. It is based on the San Marino library’s vast collection of rare books, maps and manuscripts documenting Spanish exploration from 1492 to 1600. Juan Ponce de Leon (1450–1521) is said to have famously searched for the Fountain of Youth in Florida (although much of that is a myth). The Americas were full of fierce native warriors who defended their lands valiantly, but they had gold and other valuables, which were irresistible to the invaders. The Americas were full of fierce native warriors who defended their lands valiantly, but they had gold and other valuables, which were irresistible to the invaders. Conquistadors who participated in any successful campaign were given shares based on many factors. But when one looks at the details of what was going on in that era, things are not so black and white. ThoughtCo uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. The Spanish conquistadors had many military advantages over the New World natives. That is why they are called "Spanish." The conquest of Mexico was carried out by Hernan Cortes, who landed at Veracruz in 1519; Peru was conquered by Francisco Pizarro and Diego del Almagro, which began in 1531. Each of these vice royalties was presided over by a viceroy appointed directly by the king. They thought they’d find great riches there. The Aztecs and Inca Empires were rich in gold, silver, precious stones, and other things the Spanish found less valuable, like brilliant clothes made of bird feathers. Spanish conquistadors like de Soto were inheritors of some of the finest riding techniques in the whole of Eurasia. 1500–1533) fill up a large room once with gold and twice with silver in exchange for his freedom. In Mexico, Hernan Cortes and Pedro de Alvarado (1485–1581) ordered the Cholula Massacre and the Temple Massacre respectively, killing thousands of unarmed men, women, and children. A common religous belief can be seen as a huge benefit when one compares areas in the world where it doesn't exist. The queen ordered the natives to be converted to Christianity and taught European behaviors. Columbus defied those orders, which eventually led to tensions between the explorers and the Spanish government. A response board for comments has been set up as part of the exhibit because “we were curious about what the response would be,” Frank said. I'm reading Bartolomé de las Casas chronicle on the conquest of the Nueva España and it makes me sick. The Spanish conquistadors were mainly explorers and soldiers. European crossbowmen could rain down lethal bolts on enemy troops who could not defend themselves from missiles which could punch through steel. The men who ravaged the peoples of the New World came to be known as the conquistadors, a Spanish word meaning "he who conquers." The men who ravaged the peoples of the New World came to be known as the conquistadors, a Spanish word meaning "he who conquers." I need as many as possible! There are two aspects to consider here: their religion, and their politics. Spain. The Inca Medical System Was Inferior To That Of The Spaniards. “I have one Catholic person who is praying for my soul,” said Frank, commenting on those discontented with some of the bloodier aspects of the display. Spanish conquistadors were explorers of the Spanish Empire who sailed beyond Europe to the Americas, Oceania, Africa and Asia, conquering territory and opening trade routes. Many of the conquistadors who explored the New World were avid fans of popular romance novels and of some of the more ridiculous elements of historical popular culture. Newsom warns of regional stay-at-home order as COVID-19 hospitalizations hit record. In the Caribbean, most of the native populations were completely wiped out due to Spanish rapine and diseases. In Guatemala, conquistador Pedro de Alvarado is buried in an unassuming grave in Antigua, but his old foe, Tecun Uman, has his face on a banknote. The middle east (Isreal vs Syria), Eastern Europe (Serbia -for one), and Asia (Pakistan vs India) are just a few examples. What you do — how we ALL act in the next six weeks — will make the difference between an inconvenient fall and a disaster that will take years to overcome. Historians still debate whether this is true or not, but Montezuma's attitude suggests he thought, at least at the start, that the Spanish were of divine origin. Conquistador, any of the leaders in the Spanish conquest of America, especially of Mexico and Peru, in the 16th century. After Hernan Cortes and Francisco Pizarro conquered and looted the Aztec and Inca Empires respectively between 1519 and 1540, thousands of soldiers came from Europe, hoping to be on the next expedition to strike it rich. How much do you know about the ruthless men who gave the New World to the King of Spain on a bloody platter? Their armies were mostly composed of Spanish, as well as soldiers from other parts of Europe and Africa. The truth is that they had a lot of help. While today it seems ridiculous that a country of only 195,364 square miles (about 31,000 mile larger than the state of California) would claim over 8,149,627 square miles of territory – all of which already belonged to other people. This did not even count the vast treasures taken later when the Inca capital city of Cuzco was looted. However, she did not authorize slavery. California breaks record for hospitalizations. They not only fought in the battlefield, but served as interpreters, informants, servants, teachers, physicians, and scribes in the New World. The conquistadors were ruthless when it came to conquering native civilizations or extracting gold from them. L.A. County tightens COVID-19 restrictions today: What you need to know. The Spanish had steel weapons and armor, which made them nearly unstoppable, as native weapons could not pierce Spanish armor nor could native armor defend against steel swords. The horses, cannons and iron weaponry brought over on their huge ships from Cuba commanded respect and fear. The conquistadors were professional warriors, using Old World tactics, short-swords, and cavalry. Exhibit visitors have put up their opinions about what the Spanish did and there have even been a few debates. When Christopher Columbus (1451–1506) landed in the Caribbean islands in 1492, it alerted Spain to the existence of the New World and to prospects of precious metals and wealth to be gained there. These men organized themselves into expeditions which were expressly designed to turn a profit: They were sponsored by rich investors and the conquistadors themselves often bet everything they had on finding gold or people to enslave. The only area in southern Mexico of effective indigenous resistance was Yucatán, inhabited by Maya societies. In Peru, Francisco Pizarro captured Emperor Atahualpa in the midst of an unprovoked bloodbath at Cajamarca. I was especially impressed by his witnessing of a Spanish soldier who, not finding anything for his hound to eat, took a toddler away from his mother, cut his arms off and fed the dog with them. The Aztecs were equally, if not more violent, destructive and bloodthirsty than the Spanish who conquered them. In Mexico, conquistadors found great golden treasures, including great discs of gold, masks, jewelry, and even gold dust and bars. For years, the Spanish had been searching for the legendary El Dorado. Other conquistadors were convinced they would find giants, the devil, the lost kingdom of Prester John, or any number of other fantastic monsters and places in the unexplored corners of the New World.

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