forensic document examination cases
Modern forensic ink chromatography is much more sophisticated, but based on the same principle. March 31, 2016 0. Are there additions or deletions? Ink & Toner Identification. Document Examination. At the time of trial, the defense had come up with an untested theory about how this page was placed in the file in blank and was there several days before it was used and could have received the impressions contemporaneously. Threads attached to the seals were made of viscose and polyester, artificial fabrics that were not used in Hitler's time. Published: 2020-05-09 Full Issue Requires Subscription Journal of Forensic Document Exa Editorial … Although most of her cases are conducted within the United States, Donna accepts international matters. Further details are available on our website. Changes to the ink 'recipe' by manufacturers can also help to specify a pen type or sometimes prove when something was written. As part of the defense of the company, several unfavorable employee performance reviews were produced that were allegedly signed by the plaintiff affirming knowledge of poor performance at work. FSR-G-212 Guidance for the assessment, collection and recording of forensic science related evidence in sexual assault examinations . Then, miraculously or suspiciously, portions of the 1988 and 1989 notebooks were anonymously mailed back to the writer saying that these papers were found outside and looked important. The supervisor testified in deposition that the plaintiff was present, they discussed all the information on the form, and the plaintiff signed the form in front of her. The other expert refused to review the ESDA film and would not concede the ESDA showed nothing wrong or missing with the records. Otherwise the pellet would not have hit the end of the gun but the side of it, or completely missed it if it was not raised. A lawsuit was brought forward against a company and a supervisor for a wrongful termination of employment, among other claims. Further ink analysis - measuring the slow evaporation of chloride from the ink - suggested that the writing was less than a year old! Document & Handwriting Verification Fingerprint Expert Recording & Examination Polygraph Test / Lie Detector Test Cyber Crime Investigation Audio - Video Analysis Forensic Experts - Post Mortem Report Analysis Rope Wire Analysis Arson Cases Category Lookup. Both of these tests again confirmed that the questioned entries were all made in the proper sequence and on or very near their purported dates and clearly not after the litigation was started. The case eventually went to trial, but the critical issue was conceded before trial and the case settled while in trial. The original deed was then photographed and processed for fingerprints. Two experts authenticated portions of the documents by comparing the handwriting with other examples of Hitler's writing. We were contacted by the defense attorney. Working in close association with Courts of Law, Law Enforcement Agencies and Legal Professionals NSK & Co., under the Management of Naveen Kosti, leverages its expertise in the field of Questioned Document Examination (QDE). As data are abundant due to digital dependencies, the role of a digital forensic investigator is gaining prominence everywhere. We still perform more handwriting examinations than any other firm that I am aware of in the world, on top of all the added services that are touched on within this newsletter. Toward the end of the folder I saw several pages that appeared to be from the diary of the supervisor. A pellet was found that had what appeared to be similar markings. The additions were found by using the infrared image converter to detect differences in the inks as well as by sequencing the writing from the front and the back side of the page. This consists of examinations including firearms, toolmarks, fingerprints, blood, other body fluids, bloodspatter, bullet trajectory, clothing for distance determination, footwear, tire tracks, DNA, and forensic pathology. We employ three document examiners, one fingerprint examiner, a forensic ink dating chemist , a DNA consultant , a trace evidence and impression evidence examiner , two computer forensic examiners as well as support staff. The questioned … The impressions were that of practice attempts to forge the employee’s name. Ingredients of the ink which are not coloured dyes can be seen using ultraviolet or infra-red light. The case went to trial and our firm testified to the results and had the original ESDA film in court. The writer of the notebooks pled the fifth amendment and answered no questions (but was remarkably able to still get an expert to say that he found nothing wrong with the notebooks). There are several different types of cases in the employment law area of practice. We anticipate publishing this newsletter at least twice a year in the future. The broker then produced his desk journal which contained many entries regarding the trading wishes of the client. The solvent moves through the paper, taking the dye or ink molecules with it. ... 10 Famous Cases Cracked by Forensics. The judge agreed that the second notebook had many significant additions, the day planner contained additions, and the first notebook was a complete and total fabrication. The dispute amounted to money that was supposedly loaned to the step-mother (Anna) in the amount of over $30 million USD. A Questioned Document can be Through microscopic examination it can be determined if the front side of the page was written before or after the reverse side of the page (obverse-reverse examination). – Employment Law The signature was confirmed into page one and also found into page two, even though it could not be seen with the naked eye. The previous version of the progress notes must have been discarded. The page that contained the “missing impressions” noted by the other expert did indeed contain impressed writings regarding that patient that were not found within the file. We were contacted by the plaintiff’s firm to examine the records for alterations and additions. ... We directly receives cases from … During the ESDA examination, impressions from a missing page were found. This gave the best possible comparison available; the same type of ink, the same formulation, written on the same type of paper, and kept in the same storage conditions. A woman was the victim of a hit-and-run in a shopping mall parking lot. However, this point became obvious to the jury as they returned a “no cause” verdict in favor of the defendants. The second claim was that the client was not properly warned of the risks associated with the selected investments. A similar test was performed on the back side of the page to sequence the writing on the back side with the impressions from the back of the next page. Real Estate Documents. We were initially contacted to perform examinations on other documents related to stock certificates and such. The first is in the area of petition circulation. He felt that the majority of the planner was genuine, but that selected entries had been added to several dates to bolster the claims. Job opportunities are also available in the public sector– law enforcement and police organizations, government agencies like the FBI, CIA or even the Secret Service. During this clinical trial a clash of personalities occurred and the inventor thought that the study was run improperly. My personal favorite part came when the ink in each of the 14 areas (spanning a time of nearly 2 years) were chemically compared with one another using thin layer chromatography (TLC). The doctor’s defense was based around a post operative note that stated “consult neurology”. A summary of this case from the law journal can be found on our website. In election law, we have seen several different types of cases. Both journalist and forger were imprisoned. The first was to process the document for fingerprints. This information was disclosed at the deposition. One of the documents was a one page answers to interrogatories in table form, the other document was a packet of approximately 200 pages. The ink dating showed significant differences in the relative age of the ink, which meant that the questioned entry was written at least 6 months or more after its purported date. 0. We were originally contacted to examine the signature on the deed to determine whether the signature was genuine or forged. In May of that year, the West German police subjected the diaries to a full-scale forensic analysis. The second area is in discrimination/harassment. Comparisons of the ingredients can reveal different pen types. Then a prescription form bearing the doctors signature on his pad, written in the writing of the doctor was shown to him that had “6” refills on the form. Our lead Forensic Document Examiner, Kate Strzelczyk, has given expert witness evidence on behalf of both the prosecution and the defence at a number of Crown and Magistrates' courts across the UK. A sequence could then be established between the writing on next page and the impressions from the questioned entries. Handwriting Identification. The results of professional forensic document examination can be used in a court of law because of the scientific nature of the methods involved. After a signature examination was conducted by both sides and determined that the signature was genuine. The second test, which did not turn out to be needed or feasible in this case and was not performed, was to examine the hard drive of the computer that was supposed to have created this document to determine when the file was created, if it had been altered, and if it had been recently deleted from the computer to avoid detection. Examination of questioned handwriting, signatures and documents. Journal of Forensic Document Examination. 66179. A case in Pennsylvania involved a patient devolping major shoulder and hip problems from avascular necrosis. A document was submitted in a litigation that dealt with the division of assets in a family and specifically with the sale of a radio station and the familial distribution. Forensic Document examiners are assigned the duty to apply different techniques and methods to check the authenticity of the questioned document. These can range from cheque forgery to forged signatures by a parent on a child support agreement. DNA examination Police searched the woods and recovered around 400 items, including cans and magazines, and forensic scientists compared DNA samples from these, the duvet cover and the bin bags with samples from friends, family, residents on the council estate where Leanne lived, and known sex offenders. Where Do Forensic Examiners Work? We were contacted to determine, among other things, whether the two critical documents were altered from documents that had the confidential label. The main focus of forensic document examination casework is the study and comparison of questioned handwriting and signatures. The three women have been friends some years ago, but then the one married the father of the two sisters. These areas had to be filled in after the voter had finished the ballot, since there should be no instance in which a voter would have multiple ballots where impressions could go into another ballot. However, no suspects were initially identified. In the 10 test pages, all 10 tests contained prints from the reader when a sheet of paper was handled and read. The supervisor was then re-deposed and asked about what appeared to be overwhelming evidence that she was the forger. He was working in league with Gerd Heidemann, the journalist, who benefited considerably from the suitcases of cash that he was given by the editor in order to obtain the diaries. During the investigation of one of the suspects his car was searched and one unusual piece of evidence was found that the detective thought was out of its element; a silver Tiffany pen from Cunard Cruise Lines. Based on the results of those tests, a deposition was requested. In 2001 I obtained the Forensic Science Society (now the Chartered Society of Forensic Sciences) Diploma in Document Examination - one of only two Document Examiners in Scotland to ever hold this qualification. This method is FAR more sensitive and effective than simple optical examinations. When these page fragments were examined, it was found that the ink was not completely dry yet and written in the last three years, there were several critical additions written in a different ink, and the drafts of the additions that were put into the notebook. In order to memorialize these events of harassment, she would write a summary of the details in her day planner along with the other events from that day. This form is your copy. A comparison was then made to the gun damage using wax molds and lead strikes. Other cases are to determine if a signatory was too weak to sign and was assisted by another person, if selected pages within a will or trust have been substituted to change the property distribution, or if signatures were manipulated using a machine copy process to create a document. As the litigation progressed the plaintiff realized that the notebooks with the original drawings needed to have more detail in order to broaden the scope of the patent. During this time I examined documents and handwriting in thousands of cases, wrote hundreds of Reports and gave evidence in Court on countless occasions. Forensic document examination is the application of science and analytical techniques to cases involving questioned documents. Since#documents#are#part#of#daily#life,#forensic#document#examiners#work#a# wide#variety#of#cases.#Forensic#document#examiners#are#called#to#investigate# the#authenticity#of#documents#in#situations#such#as:# • forgeries# • counterfeiting# • … An objective evaluation of questioned and known writings is performed using a neutral approach. The blood was first collected and analyzed using DNA comparison and determined to be the blood of the deceased. The police officer that shot and killed the man testified that he was holding a gun in his hand and was told to drop it, the man raised it and pointed it toward the police officer, who the shot and killed the man. ABSTRACT: Cases involving digital and electronic signatures are becoming more frequent.In the case of digital signatures, document examiners should recommend the case to a competent computer forensic examiner. Call 024 7657 8344. The plaintiff alleged that the doctor did nothing to surmise the problem. We were contacted to determine if there had been any alterations, additions, or re-writings to the journal. If the writing was done before the writing on the back, then it had to be done within about a week and not at a later time after the lawsuit was filed. A further examination revealed that there was a small crack and depressed area at the end of the slide where it encompassed the barrel of the gun. If police think that a document is suspicious, they call in a section of the forensic team called 'Questioned Document Examiners'. If you neglected to do this, you may be tempted to construct an illegal fake record purporting to contain many entries over several years. The examination of the handgun revealed several telling characteristics. 29 (2019): Journal of Forensic Document Examination - 2019 Purchase Issue - $60. This was demonstrated in court by using enlargements of a series of 25 known copies showing the movement of the transient damage mark and the perfect alignment with the model document that contained the confidential label. The examination task on that entry was to determine if this entry was written on or near its purported date. Forensic document examination is often used in cases of financial fraud and other white collar crimes. Even though several people had handled the document, it had never been handled by the boss through the discovery and could have only been handled by the boss if it was it the time it was presented to him by the plaintiff. The solution of ink is then put through chromatography using another solvent, and the components separated. Curling is determined round the edges of the document. One hundred percent (100%) of Donna’s findings are peer reviewed for technical accuracy; and she participates bi-annually in third … This evidence was disclosed at the time of deposition. This was discovered because the progress notes were written on a document that was not in existence until later in the treatment and was not in the chart at the time the progress notes should have been written. They prepare a detailed report about the methods and process of the document examination. In one seemingly more involved case, actual ballots were altered by filling in the areas on the “bubble sheet” for the hometown candidate after the voter had completed the ballot. The signatures were examined and compared to other unquestioned signatures of Anna. The infrared examination disclosed additions to some of the critical entries and the alteration of dates. The known signatures were found to be replete with individual handwriting habits and easily identifiable with one another. The booklet was then compared to a confidential version that had been turned over earlier by court order. When the entire file was produced for examination, the pre-suit letter from the plaintiff was included in the file. Different components of the ink are carried different distances along the paper. A circuit board manufacturer brought forward an infringement suit based on the manufacture and design of circuit boards. A subsequent comparison of the individual handwriting habits in the questioned signature that did not match the known signatures was made and compared with the handwriting habits of the supervisor that was suspected of the forgery by the plaintiff. Some time later in the litigation, documents were produced that were very similar to some of the confidential documents that were turned over earlier but the “newly produced” documents did not have a confidential label on them. The current Principal is Robert Radley MSc, C.Chem, FRSC, FCSFS, FSSoc Dip, FAE, RFP. This was presented at trial using acetate overlays on photographic blowups of the pages. At that moment (which I remember like it was yesterday), I showed the impressions of the practice forgery to the plaintiff’s attorney who was also present at the examination. Forensic Document Examiners need to precisely record every step of the forensic document examination. October 31, 2014. Probate cases typically involve handwriting examinations on wills, trusts, and quit claim deeds. The doctor stated that she had written a prenatal prescription for an ultrasound and CBC along with many other things that would have disclosed this condition. Again both experts testified, this time live in front of the jury. Case Submission. FORENSIC DOCUMENT EXAMINATION A Brief History New York v R. B. Molineaux 1900 1903 Matter of Rice (the Rice‐Patrick case) Notable early criminal case involving the testimony of several handwriting experts. Another sexual harassment case was brought against a company. The examination disclosed no additions to the diary pages, which was not significant to the case I was told, however on one of the pages of the supervisor’s diary some remarkable impressions were found. The original document will need to be examined microscopically and then compared to known sample material from the suspects in the case. This instrument is designed to electrically detect impressed writings in paper and render them visible on an imaging film. Therefore, it is essential for the Forensic Document Examiners to keep abreast of the latest technological and scientific advances in the field. Kate was a member of the Council for the Registration of Forensic Practitioners for a number of years, for which members regularly had their forensic casework peer reviewed, before it was disbanded in 2009. ABSTRACT: Cases involving digital and electronic signatures are becoming more frequent.In the case of digital signatures, document examiners should recommend the case to a competent computer forensic examiner. A chemical comparison was then made with selected entries from the diary to compare the dyes present in each as well as any chemical date tag that might exist. Obviously this was likely to have been put on the gun from the wounds that bled from the fatal shot. The deceased’s signature was very consistent all the way through the last known sample. More. In perhaps my second most favorite case (second to Aptix v. Quickturn discussed above), the most devastating results were found leading to who forged a signature. At the conclusion of the deposition, the document was taken back to the office and processed on the ESDA instrument. If his fingerprints were not found on the document, that would be a significant piece of evidence, coupled with a test on known papers to determine how frequently the person left prints on a known set of documents. Forensic document examiner services and forensic document examination by Forensic Assessment. The judge ruled that the plaintiff had altered the documents and intentionally removed the confidential labels. The altered ballots were concentrated with ballots that for one reason or another did not properly run through the scanning machine. Other cases are to determine if a signatory was too weak to sign and was assisted by another person, if selected pages within a will or trust have been substituted to change the property distribution, or if signatures were manipulated using a machine … In the words of the plaintiff’s attorney; she “fell on her sword” and admitted to forging the employee signature with some sort of flimsy excuse. Charred documents maybe expected in the cases of accidental fireplace, intentional fireplace and burning, insurance and leaky of examination of papers, etc. It can also be the case that an original sketch or notebook will be added to, in order to broaden the scope of the original patent. The ink dating confirmed that the inks in the tested entries were not written recently. The doctor testified right before me and stated this theory; I then took the witness stand and was asked if this was an explanation for the evidence. This was determined by finding the model document (which had the confidential label) and matching up a transient damage pattern from the copy machine that could not have been aligned by chance. Two documents existed that evidenced the loan, they were both allegedly signed by Anna. Forged signatures can be detected in two primary methods. Another suit was instituted based on losses from the 2001 time frame. First, a sample of paper with ink is taken out of the document using a scalpel or hole punch. The award for attorney’s fees and litigation cost (including our fees) was also upheld on appeal in 2006. While some forensic scientists travel to the scene of … Beyond the annals of forensic document examination, the Botkin case has slipped into obscurity. - Forensic Examination of writing materials i.e. Therefore the writing could not have been made until then for the impressions to go through into that page. The ESDA was also brought into court and the page that contained the impressions was processed live in from of the judge. Detection of Altered Documents. Was a page substituted? Forensic document analysis is employed to examine any form of questioned document to help establish the author(s), to identify any alterations and to help establish the origin. – Securities The evidence was presented at the arbitration in the form of graphs for ink dating and large glossy blow-ups to demonstrate the sequence of writings. There are a range of cases that contract law can be assisted by our laboratory’s forensic solutions. The second golden rule: the document examination must take place before the evidence is examined by other forensic disciplines. What turned out to be the case was that the writer was writing the time sheets all in a stack and when the writer noticed a mistake was made with the wrong year on one of the pages, the writer simply threw that page away and re-wrote the page. Why a Paper Expert. The cases listed below represent the following areas of forensic accounting work carried out by Mark Jenner & Co: CRIMINAL DEFENCE EXPERT WITNESS – Forensic accountancy and litigation support services for white collar criminal defence lawyers and their clients.. Forensic Document Examination (FDE) is a forensic science discipline in which expert examiners evaluate documents disputed in the legal system. The date an invention was conceived is significant in any patent dispute and it is common for an inventor to create documents that make the date of inception appear to be earlier to strengthen the claims around a patent. Handwriting examination typically involves the comparison of known specimens to handwriting evidence found on questioned or disputed documents. The most common is in the area of signature analysis. After careful comparison, the difference that was noted was the year in the date was wrong on the page that was missing. The deed was suspicious because it went in contradiction to the wishes the decedent had expressed previously, and secondly it was supposedly signed very near the date of death and not filed until after the death. It was founded over 50 years ago and has always had an international reputation. This would be an indication that the he was not holding a cup at the time of the shooting. Our firm’s first medical malpractice case dates back to the early 1980’s.Since that time we have examined thousands of sets of medical records for both plaintiffs and defendants. It was necessary to travel to the pharmacy to examine the original. A quit claim deed was filed after a woman’s death leaving her house to one of her children and leaving the other children out of the proceeds.
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