bhitarkanika mangroves are found in
At Bhitarkanika, we got to see 6 different types of Kingfisher birds in its dense mangroves dotting the creeks. But the major attraction remains the wildlife wealth. Khola is one of the gateways into the park. Bhitarkanika National Park is the core area of Bhitarkanika Sanctuary. Bhitarkanika National park is famous for Salt water crocodiles, White Crocodiles and Mangroves. We have seen them everywhere. Bhubaneswar: Odisha’s mangrove forests are facing a threat like most of its other natural resources.  In future, if conservation efforts pay off, these large individuals could be more common. The alley between the meandering creeks and rivers, houses the second largest viable mangrove eco-system of India. Fauna species found in Bhitarkanika include: Salt water crocodiles, Olive Ridley Turtles, Kingfishers, bird varieties, python, monitor lizards, wild boar, hyenas, spotted deer, wild cat, jungle fowl. Mangroves are present on the estuary form by the river Devi in Jagatsinghpur district. In Baleswar district the mangroves are found on the estuary formed on the mouth region of the Subarnarekha river and known as Bichitrapur mangroves. Most of the birds are Asian open bill, egrets, black ibis, cormorants, and darters. It is surrounded by Bhitarkanika Wildlife Sanctuary, which spread over 672 km2 (259 sq mi). Chen et al. Bhitarkanika Mangroves is a mangrove wetland in Odisha, India, covering an area of 650 km (400 mi) in the Brahmani and Baitarani river deltas. Mangrove Pitta build nests on high branches of mangrove trees like Heritiera fomes as well as at low height close to the ground in bushy Phoenix paludosa . Among these, 54 species of polychaetes, 10 species of crustaceans and 7 species each of bivalves and gastropods and 3 species of ‘others’ were recorded. Giant salt water crocodiles and a variety of other wildlife inhabit this eco-system which is one of Asia's most spectacular wildlife sanctuaries. Nearly 1671 saltwater crocodiles inhabit the rivers and creeks. Bhitarkanika has one of the largest populations of endangered saltwater crocodile in India and is globally unique in that, 10% of the adults exceed 6 m length. The best time to travel through this creek is early morning or before sunset. This is world’s most important nesting beach for Olive Ridley sea turtles. The low lying mangrove forests of Bhitarkanika is subjected to regular tidal inundation twice daily. Main article: Bhitarkanika Mangroves Mangroves are salt tolerant, complex and dynamic eco-systems that occur in tropical and subtropical inter-tidal regions. grove forests found in the state of West Bengal within the delta of the Ganga, Brahmaputra, and Meghna rivers, and 2) Bhitarkanika mangroves in the state of Odisha within the delta of the Mahanadi, Brahmini, and Baitarani rivers. The census breakup of other mammals is monkeys - 1,522, jackals - 305, common langur - 39, otter - 38, sambar deer - 17, jungle cat - 11, fox - 10, Mongoose - 7, wolf- 7, fishing cats - 3, hyena - 12, according to the survey data. Its 672 km² of mangrove forest and wetland provides home to well over 215 species of birds including winter migrants from central-Asia and Europe. It hosts many mangrove species, and is the second largest mangrove ecosystem in India. Bhitarkanika Mangroves is a mangrove wetland in Odisha, covering an area of 650 km (400 mi) in the Brahmani and Baitarani river deltas. Olive ridley turtles nest on Gahirmatha and other nearby beaches. As many as 62 species of mangrove & its associates are found in Bhitarkanika Sanctuary. The mangroves harbor one of India's largest populations of saltwater crocodiles, and Gahirmatha Beach, which separates the mangroves from the Bay of Bengal, is the world's most … Bhitarkanika has a very rich historical and cultural past. When the tide was high, I would snorkel around these ‘octopus plants’ and peer through the lattice work at the life among them. Bhitarkanika has a wide network of tidal rivers and creeks. Around 3,000 saltwater crocodiles were born during 2014 annual breeding and nesting season. More than ninety variety of mangroves and its associates are found here. The Bhitarkanika Mangroves are home to 55 of India’s 58 known mangrove species. These species are endemic to the area and are called mangroves. The area is also been designated as second Ramsar site of the State after the Chilika Lake. , As per the 2014 survey of mammals, first of its kind to be undertaken in the forest and wetland sites of the park; 1,872 spotted deers, 1,213 numbers of wild boars have made the forest areas their home. An average of 240,000 nests per season was estimated between 1976 and 1996. Since 1983, collecting and marketing turtles and their eggs is banned. Bhitarkanika Wildlife Sanctuary and National Park is known as the “Mini-Amazon” of India. Main article: Bhitarkanika Mangroves. Bhitarkanika Mangroves, Odisha. An area of 145 km² has been notified as Bhitarkanika National Park vide Notification No.19686/F in September 1998 by the government of Odisha. The Bhitarkanika National Park in Odisha’s Kendrapara district, which was closed due to the COVID-19 situation, will reopen for tourists from October 1. The second largest mangrove forest in the world, the ‘Pichavaram Mangrove Forest’ is situated near Chidambaram in South India. But the major attraction remains the wildlife wealth. Between August 2004 and December 2006, 263 bird species were recorded, encompassing 147 resident and 99 migrant species. It has much significance with regard to ecological, geomorphological and biological background which includes mangrove forests, rivers, creeks, estuaries, back water, accreted land and mud flats. Many water birds visit Bagagahan heronry, which is an area of approximately 4 ha within the Bhitarkanika Forest Block near Suajore creek from the month of June to October. Media related to Bhitarkanika National Park at Wikimedia Commons, Learn how and when to remove these template messages, Learn how and when to remove this template message, "Bhitarkanika Wetlands of Odisha, India| Saving Wetlands", "Increased number of croc hatchlings in Bhitarkanika", "Bhitarkanika is home to the largest Crocodiles in the world", "Rise in estuarine crocodile populations in Bhitarkanika, Odisha", "3000 spotted deer and wild boars in Bhitarkanika", "Migratory Birds arrive at Bhitarkanika National Park in Odisha", Ministry of Environment and Forests (India), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Bhitarkanika_National_Park&oldid=985841591, Articles lacking in-text citations from October 2018, Articles needing additional references from October 2018, All articles needing additional references, Articles with multiple maintenance issues, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2018, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 28 October 2020, at 08:00. It is the Entry Point to Bhitarkanika Sanctuary. Bhitarkanika offers decent staying option and one can explore the creeks with boats looking for beautiful birds and massive salt water crocs. The national park and wildlife sanctuary is inundated by the rivers Brahmani, Baitarani, Dhamra, Pathsala. The mangroves of Bhitarkanika National Park, in the Kendrapara district of Orissa, India (located at approximately 20°40'N, 87°00'E) make up about 700 of the 2500 sq. There are 82 species of mangroves in India, including rare ones such as Aglaia cucullat a . Mangroves are salt tolerant plant species found in the inter-tidal regions along the creeks and estuaries near the coast, on the river mouth. Great varieties of mangrove plants are found here which provide home to a variety of rare and endangered species. The national park is home to Saltwater crocodile (Crocodylus porosus), Indian python, king cobra, black ibis, darters and many other species of flora and fauna.. , Avifauna includes 320 species including eight kingfisher species. Sixteen sites of Bhitarkanika mangrove areas were surveyed for the collection of roots and soil samples. Bhitarkanika is one such location of rich, lush green vibrant eco-system lying in the estuarine region of Brahmani- Baitarani in the North-Eastern corner of Kendrapara district of Odisha. The Bhitarkanika mangroves comprise of a wide variety of habitats ranging from the tidal rivers and creek to riverine islands, coastal wetlands and inter tidal zones. Mangroves are salt tolerant, complex and dynamic eco-systems that occur in tropical and subtropical inter-tidal regions. The hunting towers and artificial watering holes can be seen at many places including Bhitarkanika trail and at Dangmal. The mangrove belt in Odisha includes the major portion of Bhitarkanika … Mangroves and wildlife. Mangroves : A variety of plants are seen putting up luxuriant growth in this inter tidal habitat. There are disturbing reports about mangroves in Bhitarkanika, one of their best known habitats, being cleared to facilitate illegal prawn culture and construction activities. All Nature Camps have their own catering and serve food which is include in the package. Three rivers flow out to sea at Bhitarkanika, forming a tidal maze of muddy creeks and mangroves. Spotted deers and wild boars are abundant in the park and can be spotted at all the major locations. Mangrove species, casuarinas, and grasses like the indigo bush. This is along an artificial creek and it passes through dense mangrove forest providing a glimpse into the estuarine ecosystem and its wealth of fauna. Some of the other significant Mangrove forests found in India include the ‘Bhitarkanika Mangroves’ and ‘Godavari-Krishna Mangroves’. Keywords: Streptomyces, mangroves, Bhitarkanika. These wetlands are the homes of largest population of salt water crocodiles and Mangroves in India. 2005). In 1975, an area of 672 km2 was declared the Bhitarkanika Wildlife Sanctuary. Reptiles present in the mangroves include saltwater crocodile, king cobra, Indian python and water monitor. , A mangrove wetland in India's Odisha state, Ramsar Wetland of International Importance, "Avifauna of Bhitarkanika mangroves, India", "Incidental catch of sea turtles in India", Mangroves of Orissa (Orissa State Forest Department: Wildlife Organisation), Bhitarkanika Trip report - Wildlife Times, Point Calimere Wildlife and Bird Sanctuary, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Bhitarkanika_Mangroves&oldid=986220460, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 30 October 2020, at 14:43. Coming to Bhitarkanika mangroves, 81 species of macrofauna were found. These observations and estimations have been made by park officials over the course of ten years, from 2006 to 2016, however, regardless of the skill of the observers it cannot be compared to a verified tape measurement, especially considering the uncertainty inherent in visual size estimation in the wild. Mangroves of Bhitarkanika (20° 4` 20° 8`N, 86° 45`E), Orissa occupy a … Bhitarkanika National Park is a 145 km2 (56 sq mi) large national park in northeast Kendrapara district in Odisha in eastern India. Bhitarkanika Mangroves were designated a Ramsar Wetland of International Importance in 2002. The Gahirmatha Marine Wildlife Sanctuary, which bounds the Bhitarkanika Wildlife Sanctuary to the east, was created in September 1997, and encompasses Gahirmatha Beach and an adjacent portion of the Bay of Bengal. Gupti Nature Camp, inside the forests of Bhitarkanika and on the banks of river Patasala has 6 luxury accommodations for night stay. It is also the home of medieval Hindu temples which can be found dotted throughout the sanctuary. E. agallocha is a dominant species at all sites. It was one of the reasons to visit this national park. It was designated on 16 September 1998 and obtained the status of a Ramsar site on 19 August 2002. The mangroves of Bhitarkanika National Park, in the Kendrapara district of Orissa, India (located at approximately 20°40'N, 87°00'E) make up about 700 of the 2500 sq. , About 62 mangrove species occur in the Bhitarkanika Mangroves, including Avicenna, Bruguiera, Heritiera and Rhizophora. , In 2006, Guinness World Records accepted claims of a 7.1 m (23 ft 4 in), 2,000 kg (4,400 lb) male saltwater crocodile living within Bhitarkanika National Park. It is located in Kendrapara district of Odisha, India on the deltas of Brahmani and Baitarani rivers, and is spread over 672 square kilometres of area. It is also the home of medieval Hindu temples which can be found dotted throughout the sanctuary. The long green seeds of these plants floated away into the clear blue of open ocean. Cerbera manghas is found only in Bhitarkanika and Dangmal forest blocks with a density of 43/ha in Bhitarkanika and 17/ha in Dangmal block. The Bhitarkanika National Park Spread over an area of 672 square kilometers, the National Park consists of the Brahmani, Baitrani Delta, backwaters, estuaries, and creeks.