types of brahmin caste
Kanauj, Ayodhya, Agra up to Delhi is the land of Kanyakubjas. The population of India that is considered a member of the Brahmin caste according to the article âThe Joshua projectâ is about 60,481,000 people. “Sub-Imperial Palaces: Power and Authority in Mughal India.” Ars Orientalis, vol. Mohyals - the warrior Brahmin race. Types of Brahmin Caste in India The Brahmin caste in India has been broadly divided into two divisions based on regions. For best results please use latest versions of Mozilla Firefox, Google Chrome, or Microsoft Internet Explorer. Major Brahmin Castes: Major Brahmin castes in the Indian Continent include Chitpavana Brahmins, Daivajna Brahmins, Deshastha Brahmins, Dhima Brahmins, Gouda Saraswat Brahmins, Havyaka In addition to the above major castes of Brahmins, there are several Brahmin subcastes. The Pancha-Gauda Brahmins have further been divided into five classes. She has taught at the high school and university levels in the U.S. and South Korea. Traditionally, the Brahmins served as the spiritual guides and teachers of the Kshatriya princes and warriors, preaching to the political and military elites about the dharma, but today they perform ceremonies for Hindus from all of the lower castes. Is there a sub caste Brahmin Kshathriya and gotra as Birthare. Patelâs don Kalabodhanaâ¦ 1. Hukman Bhal 29.  Punjab is the land of Saraswats. Jamadagni 30. Bihar and Bengal are the land of Maithil. Madhesi Brahman, Nurang, Rajput, Kayastha 2. Bharadwaj 10. â¢ Gaud Saraswat Brahmin â¢ Daivadnya Brahmin â¢ Thanjavur Marathi â¢ Marathi people Deshastha Brahmins are a Hindu Brahmin subcaste mainly from the Indian state of â¦ A List of Brahmin Communities Compiled by Vikas Kamat First Online: April 01, 2003 Page Last Updated: September 11, 2020 The following is a list of Brahmin communities of India. Current Status of Caste System in India Even though there is no basis for caste system and associated discrimination in Hinduism, and it has been more than 70 years Britishers have left India, we still see these issues cropping Sub-Imperial Palaces: Power and Authority in Mughal India, J.D., University of Washington School of Law, B.A., History, Western Washington University. Find all the castes and their sub-castes list in India here. Charora 15. Gaubhilya 26. Agastya 2. At the other extreme, if an untouchable dared to draw water The other major castes, from highest to lowest, are the Kshatriya (warriors and princes), Vaisya (farmers or merchants), and Shudra (servants and sharecroppers). This may be true; however, his father was a king, which usually aligns with the Kshatriya (warrior/prince) caste instead.". In punjab 80% brahmins are They are âPancha-Gauda Brahminsâ from North India and âPancha-Dravida Brahminsâ from the South India. Bhakdi 12. India Today: An Encyclopedia of Life in the Republic, Volume One. 5 gaurd brahmins of india or india's northern side brahmins. Christopher Pillitz /Image Bank/GettyImages. Records from the classical and medieval periods in India mention men of the Brahmin class performing work other than carrying out priestly duties or teaching about religion. In the very beginning, there was only one category of Brahmins, later they were categorized on basis of their lands (areas) as Gaur and Dravid.  A Brahmin is a member of the highest caste or varna in Hinduism. Both of them have five subcategories in themselves (panchgaur and panchdravid). Gautamasa 25. 23, 1993, pp. Iyer (also spelt as Ayyar, Aiyar, Ayer or Aiyer) is a caste of Hindu Brahmin communities of Tamil origin. As in earlier times, most Brahmins actually made their living from work associated with the lower castes, including agriculture, stone-cutting, or working in the service industries. Before diving into the Brahmin caste letâs see some of the discussion on how the caste system came to be. Brahmin is considered as a member of the priestly caste of the country. Kaminsky, Arnold P. and Long, Roger D. “India Today: An Encyclopedia of Life in the Republic, Volume One.” p. 68. The early Vedic writings do not provide much by way of historical detail, even on such apparently important questions as "who are the priests in this religious tradition?" Saraswat, Kanyakubja, Gaud, Utkala and Mithila form the Pancha Guada 2. Pages in category "Brahmin communities" The following 27 pages are in this category, out of 27 total. Ghrit kaushika 27. Bhumihars, also called Babhan, are a Hindu caste mainly found in Bihar (including the Mithila region), the Purvanchal region of Uttar Pradesh, Jharkhand, the Bundelkhand region of Madhya Pradesh, and Nepal. Many wonât be able to tell you their caste (Not all Patelâs are the same caste- there are different types of Patidars, also there are Patidars who donât have the last name Patel). Karnataka, Telangaa, Dravida, Maharashtra and Gurjarat form the Pancha Dravida Most Iyers are followers of the Advaita philosophy propounded by Adi Shankara. Harita/ Haritasa 28. Kanauj, Ayodhya, Agra up to Delhi is the land of Kanyakubjas.  The majority reside in Tamil Nadu, India. It seems likely that the caste and its priestly duties developed gradually over time, and probably were in place in some form long before the Gupta era. 5. You can download the word docx and pdf formats . Later 120 categories of Brahmins were developed among them. Galvasaya 23. The Vindhya mountain range, which lies in central India, divides the country into â¦ in some old texts) is the major branch of Western Bengali Brahmins. Men were more literate than the women from any caste. Lord Rama of Ayodhya had organized Ashwvamedha Yajna to get rid of Brahm-Hatya (Killing of a Brahmin-Ravana* who was a Brahmin by birth). Lord Rama invited all Brahmins of Aaryavart (who till then were only Kanyakubja). The famous Books of âPanchatantraâalso here All the More mentions the list of the Brahmins name as Mitra Sharma, Susharma, Dev Sharma etc. Specifically, the top three literate castes were Deshasthas, Chitpavans and CKPs. In jammu 90% brahmins are saraswat, in kashmir all pundits are saraswats. Examples: "Some people believe that the Buddha himself, Siddharta Gautama, was a member of a Brahmin family. Indeed, occupational surveys of Brahmin families in the 20th century found that less than 10% of adult male Brahmins actually worked as priests or Vedic teachers. Gordon, Stewart. These Brahmins were finally settled in Ayodhya which was situated on river Saryu & were later known as Saryupari Brahmins. The following is a partial list of gotras found in the Brahmin community of Hindus: 1. There is a territorial division that divides the Brahmins broadly into two parts: Panch Gour (The five northern Brahmins) and Panch Dravida (The five southern Brahmins). There are five Dravid lands- Karnataka, Maharashtra,Tailang, Dravid and Gurjar. Utkala Brahmins are the historical caretakers of the Jagannath Temple in Puri. In 1931 (the last Indian census to record caste), Brahmins accounted for 4.32% of the total population. Brahmins study the religious texts, such as the Vedas and the Puranas, and teach members of other castes about the holy books. Nonetheless, the traditional association between the Brahmin caste and priestly duties remains strong. 1). Angirasa 6. Brahmin are a varna (class) in Hinduism. The Brahmins are the caste from which Hindu priests are drawn, and are responsible for teaching and maintaining sacred knowledge. Across the subcontinent, other Brahmins are also believed to have switched from the traditional Brahmin Kshatriya belongs to the offspring of a Brahmin Father and a Kshatriya woman. History of the Brahmin Caste Activities that are forbidden to Brahmins according to the Manusmriti include making weapons, butchering animals, making or selling poisons, trapping wildlife, and other jobs associated with death. Dhananjaya 21. In this article I will share Brahmin surnames list in India based on my ongoing research on Brahmins. Sarswat, Kanyakubja, Gaur, Utkal and Maithil, these are five gaurs and dwelling towards north of Vindhyachal. They also perform temple ceremonies and officiate at weddings and other important occasions. At mealtimes, anyone could accept food from the hands of a Brahmin, but a Brahmin would be polluted if he or she took certain types of food from a lower caste person. For example, a Brahmin who begins farming (not only as an absentee land-owner, but actually tilling the land himself) may be considered ritually contaminated, and can be barred from later entering the priesthood. Iyers are sub-divided into various sub-sects based on cultural and regional differences. At one time Bihari Brahmins were famous for their scholarship and erudition and Mithila  produced one Vedic scholar after another starting from Yajnavalkya. The caste system has evidently been more flexible, in terms of appropriate work for Brahmins, than one might expect. In Hinduism, there is the concept of âVarnaâ system where the society is stratified into four âVarnasâ or castes - Brahmin, Kshatriya, Vaishya, Sudras.. Utkala Brahmin is also known as Utkal Brahmin is a Brahmin caste in India. “The Marathas 1600–1818.” Cambridge University Press, 1993, doi:10.1017/CHOL9780521268837. Interestingly, the Brahmins only show up in the historical record around the time of the Gupta Empire, which ruled from circa 320-467 CE. This does not mean that they did not exist prior to that time, however. Today, the Brahmins comprise about 5% of the total population of India. Designed and hosted by Aadi Creations. Gail Omvedt concludes that during the British era, the overall literacy of Brahmins and CKPs was overwhelmingly high as opposed to the literacy of others such as the Kunbis and Marathas. The Kulinas formed the higher ranking clans. Indian Castes and Feudal Japanese Classes, How the US Electoral College System Works. The land between Gandaki and Kaushiki rivers is known as Maithil land. Garga 24. Chandilya 14. Jatukarna 31. Tarai/Madhesi Other Castes 2.1 Tarai/Madhesi Other Castes Kewat, Mallah, Lohar, Nuniya, Kahar, Lodha, Rajbhar, Bing, Mali Kamar, Dhuniya, Yadav, Teli, Koiri, Kurmi, Sonar, Baniya, Kalwar, Thakur/Hazam, Kanu, Sudhi, â¦ Traditionally, male Brahmins performed priestly services, but they may also work in jobs associated with lower castes. There have been many debates on the origin of the caste system which has been a big sociological discussion and debate. Ahabhunasa 7. RÄdhi (also RÄá¹hi in some old texts) is the major branch of Western Bengali Brahmins. Babhravya 9. Brahman, also spelled Brahmin, Sanskrit BrÄhmaá¹a (âPossessor of Brahmaâ), highest ranking of the four varnas, or social classes, in Hindu India. The Murderous Cult of Roman Diana and Her Sword-Wielding Priests, Biography of Chandragupta Maurya, Founder of the Mauryan Empire. This Brahmin community comprises seven sub-clans named Bali , Bhimwal , Chhibber , Dutt , Lau , Mohan and Vaid . How Many Electoral Votes Does a Candidate Need to Win? Among Kanyakubj,a all Brahmins of this area were Kanyajubja except Chaubeys of Mathura (Mathur) & Magadh (Pandas of Gaya). 2001. All dogra brahmins are saraswat. ABC-CLIO. The other major castes, from highest to lowest, are the Kshatriya (warriors and princes), Vaisya (farmers or merchants), and Shudra (servants and sharecroppers). Rishiswar, Sanadhya, Kanyakubj, Telang, Saryupareen, Bhumihar, Goswami, Tyagi, and Saraswati are the main streams of Brahmin. Saraswat brahmins. Dev 20. In Hindu culture, the Brahmin caste considered to be the highest of the four major social classes of the Varna system. In Andhra They specialised as priests (purohit, pandit, or pujari), teachers (acharya or guru) and protectors of sacred learning across generations. The Brahmin castes may be broadly divided into two regional groups: Pancha-Gauda Brahmins from the Northern part of India (considered to be the region north of the Vindhya mountains) and Pancha-Dravida Brahmins from the region south of the Vindhya mountains as per the shlokaof Kalhana. Rituals to Be Followed Daily for Balanced Life. But some of Brahmins went to Ayodhya & participated in Yajna & also accepted the gifts (Daan). The Utkal is in the other side of Vindhyachal. Copyright Â© Kanyakubj Brahmin Mahasabha, 2009-2020. Aupamanyava 8. Punjab is the land of Saraswats. The Brahmins are the caste from which Hindu priests are drawn, and are responsible for teaching and maintaining sacred knowledge. Web site best viewed at 1024x768 resolution. Patelâs arenât caste conscious in 2nd Gen. Bhargava 11. anyone who violates that rule. Bhaskara 13. Brahmins are vegetarian, in keeping with Hindu beliefs in reincarnation. In some cases, such work precludes the Brahmin in question from carrying out priestly duties, however. They are a distinct category of Brahmins who combine military knowledge with learning, they strictly refrain from performing priestl y duties, often to the p oint of excommunicatin g anyone who violates that rule. Alambani 4. This list may not reflect recent changes ().This page was last edited on â¦ The members of this caste have been originated from Saraswat Brahmins . *Ravana,the wicked king ruled Lanka & was born to Brahmin rishi Vishrava and Kekasi who belongs to a Rakshas clan. For example, some were warriors, merchants, architects, carpet-makers, and even farmers. The Utkala Brahmins are one of the five Pancha Gouda Brahmin Vindhyas.
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