why were the spanish conquistadors bad
What you do — how we ALL act in the next six weeks — will make the difference between an inconvenient fall and a disaster that will take years to overcome. The Spanish were also met by warriors with bows, arrows, and clubs. But even in the 16th century, questions were asked about the morality of their exploits. The deeds of the conquistadors were surely as amazing as those of the ancient Greeks or Romans. Spanish conquistadors like de Soto were inheritors of some of the finest riding techniques in the whole of Eurasia. Christopher Minster, Ph.D., is a professor at the Universidad San Francisco de Quito in Ecuador. Historians still debate whether this is true or not, but Montezuma's attitude suggests he thought, at least at the start, that the Spanish were of divine origin. Gatherings with anyone other than household members is banned in new county protocols. The only area in southern Mexico of effective indigenous resistance was Yucatán, inhabited by Maya societies. In Peru, Francisco Pizarro captured Emperor Atahualpa in the midst of an unprovoked bloodbath at Cajamarca. The queen ordered the natives to be converted to Christianity and taught European behaviors. S panish conquistadors, women, children and horses were imprisoned for months, sacrificed and eaten by contemporaries of the Aztecs, archaeologists report … Their units (compañia) would often specialize in forms of combat that required long periods of training that were too costly for informal groups. The Spaniards’ use of animals and technology made them no less barbaric than the Aztecs, just dramatically different. There were Spaniards who would not exploit the Indians, and there were Indians who cooperated with the Spanish for their own profit. Conquistadors who participated in any successful campaign were given shares based on many factors. The Aztecs were equally, if not more violent, destructive and bloodthirsty than the Spanish who conquered them. L.A. County tightens COVID-19 restrictions today: What you need to know. By using ThoughtCo, you accept our, But Many Conquistadors Didn't Get Much Gold, Modern Latin Americans Don't Necessarily Think Very Much of Them, 10 Notable Spanish Conquistadors Throughout History, 10 Facts About the Conquest of the Inca Empire, Consequences of the Conquest of the Aztecs, Biography of Francisco Pizarro, Spanish Conqueror of the Inca, Armor and Weapons of the Spanish Conquistadors, Biography of Francisco de Orellana, Discoverer of the Amazon River, Their Arms and Armor Made Them Nearly Unbeatable, The Treasures They Found Were Unimaginable, They Fruitlessly Searched for El Dorado for Centuries. California is named after a fictional island in a popular Spanish chivalry novel. A few also had crude firearms known as Arquebus. They were conquering much of it. There are, however, majestic statues of Cuitláhuac and Cuauhtemoc, two Mexica Tlatoani (Aztec leaders) who fought the Spanish, proudly displayed on Reforma Avenue in Mexico City. Spanish Conquistadors would come to the Americas and brutally murder men women and children in the name of a god. Mexico - Mexico - Expansion of Spanish rule: After taking possession of the Aztec empire, the Spaniards quickly subjugated most of the other indigenous tribes in southern Mexico, and by 1525 Spanish rule had been extended as far south as Guatemala and Honduras. The Americas were full of fierce native warriors who defended their lands valiantly, but they had gold and other valuables, which were irresistible to the invaders. The Mexica (Aztec) Empire was largely comprised of vassal states which were eager to rise against their tyrannical masters. They were sons of a specific historical context called reconquista that made them some of the hardiest soldiers in europe at the time, they lived in a time of sword and bible hard to understand outside of that specific reality. It is based on the San Marino library’s vast collection of rare books, maps and manuscripts documenting Spanish exploration from 1492 to 1600. What’s open and closed amid L.A.’s stricter COVID rules. ... Hard against the Portuguese frontier in the Spanish south-west, the region reckons itself the Land of Conquistadors. Select One: A. Each of these vice royalties was presided over by a viceroy appointed directly by the king. There were Spaniards who would not exploit the Indians, and there were Indians who cooperated with the Spanish for their own profit. The men who ravaged the peoples of the New World came to be known as the conquistadors, a Spanish word meaning "he who conquers." In Mexico, Hernan Cortes and Pedro de Alvarado (1485–1581) ordered the Cholula Massacre and the Temple Massacre respectively, killing thousands of unarmed men, women, and children. Although the vast majority of the conquistadors came from Spain, not all of them did. I'm reading Bartolomé de las Casas chronicle on the conquest of the Nueva España and it makes me sick. The conquistadors were all volunteers, the majority of whom did not receive a fixed salary but instead a portion of the spoils of victory, in the form of precious metals, land grants and provision of native labour. Spanish - even with it's many dialects- is the unifier. Their arrival in the Americas did lead to further exploration and discovery, but at significant cost. Common soldiers wound up with a paltry 160 pesos of gold after the King of Spain, Cortes, and the other officers had taken their cut and made various payoffs. This did not even count the vast treasures taken later when the Inca capital city of Cuzco was looted. Just as the Spanish were overwhelmed by the fearsome Aztec warriors, they too created a huge impact. They sought to claim glory for themselves. Two examples are Pedro de Candia (1485–1542), a Greek explorer and artilleryman who accompanied the Pizarro expedition, and Ambrosius Ehinger (1500–1533), a German who cruelly tortured his way across northern South America in 1533 in search of El Dorado. The sailors were ordered to treat the natives humanely, and they were to be considered equal. The Spanish explorer of the 16th century were "conquistadors" (Spanish for conquerors). “We felt the best way to deal with it was not to duck the issue,” said Bill Frank, the exhibit’s curator. He is a former head writer at VIVA Travel Guides. The river still bears the name to this day. The conquistadors were ruthless when it came to conquering native civilizations or extracting gold from them. To be a Spanish Conquistador wasn’t at all easy, it involved a dangerous boat journey to a land never seen before. After Hernan Cortes and Francisco Pizarro conquered and looted the Aztec and Inca Empires respectively between 1519 and 1540, thousands of soldiers came from Europe, hoping to be on the next expedition to strike it rich. The Spanish Conquistadors were those who initially expanded the Spanish Empire. Hernán Cortés owed his conquest of the Aztecs to his expedition's unknown, unseen secret weapon: the smallpox virus. Cortes would not have gotten far without Malinche (c. 1500-1550), an enslaved native woman who acted as his interpreter and was also the mother of one of his children. Two famous examples are the 1520 Battle of Cempoala between Hernan Cortes and Panfilo de Narvaez and the Conquistador Civil War in Peru in 1537. Spanish ConquistadorsSpain was the first European country to build an empire in the New World. Why Were The Spanish Conquistadors Able To Defeat The Native Americans So Easily. The Spanish conquistadors raped the American natives of their naiveness. A statue of Francisco Pizarro stood in the main square of Lima for many years but has recently been moved to a smaller, out-of-the-way city park. Spanish conquistadors were explorers of the Spanish Empire who sailed beyond Europe to the Americas, Oceania, Africa and Asia, conquering territory and opening trade routes. The Spanish conquistadors were mainly explorers and soldiers. Spanish conquistadors conquered new territory for which country? Spain. I need as many as possible! The Huntington Library’s exhibit “Spain in the Americas: What is the Legacy?” is intended to let people draw their own conclusions. The common soldiers in Pizarro's army did well, each of them getting about 45 pounds of gold and twice that much silver from the emperor's ransom. The horses, cannons and iron weaponry brought over on their huge ships from Cuba commanded respect and fear. European crossbowmen could rain down lethal bolts on enemy troops who could not defend themselves from missiles which could punch through steel. They not only fought in the battlefield, but served as interpreters, informants, servants, teachers, physicians, and scribes in the New World. The Huntington, at 1151 Oxford Road, is generally open to the public Saturday and Sunday from 10:30 a.m. to 4:30 p.m. and Tuesday through Friday from 1 to 4:30 p.m. For Columbus Day, it will also be open Monday from 1 to 4:30 p.m. It began with Christopher Columbus himself, who thought he had found the Garden of Eden. The atrocities they committed over the course of three centuries are far too many to be listed here, but there are some that stand out. The Spanish Conquistadors were a brutal group of colonizers that managed to make the King of Spain very wealthy by robbing the natives of their fortune and lives. Newsom warns of regional stay-at-home order as COVID-19 hospitalizations hit record. Exhibit visitors have put up their opinions about what the Spanish did and there have even been a few debates. The Aztecs thought the conquistadors, with their beards, white skin, shiny armor, horses, and ships, were gods who were returning to claim their lands. “Secondly, we felt that people would appreciate it.”. They could not see how a group of people could follow such a god. The Spanish had steel weapons and armor, which made them nearly unstoppable, as native weapons could not pierce Spanish armor nor could native armor defend against steel swords. The truth is that they had a lot of help. The top level of Spanish government in America divided the conquests of the conquistadors into two enormous viceroyalties: the viceroyalty of New Spain, which included all of Mexico, Central America, and the West Indian islands—and the viceroyalty of Peru, which governed the Spanish conquests in South America. There are some who think Christopher Columbus was a bigoted dope who did not know he had discovered a new land when he bumped into what is now the Bahamas 500 years ago. The conquistadors were professional warriors, using Old World tactics, short-swords, and cavalry. The Spanish conquistadors took away the Indians right to their way of life and their land. The Spaniards Were Immune To Smallpox Due To Early Innoculations. But the Spanish wanted to convert everyone to their religion. In the eyes of the Spanish, they were good because they brought them gold and converted people to their religion. Some may think that the conquistadors, in their fine armor and steel swords, conquered the mighty empires of Mexico and South America by themselves. Columbus defied those orders, which eventually led to tensions between the explorers and the Spanish government. They are best remembered for their conquests and exploration of the Americas. The new rules, affecting stores, playgrounds and gatherings, are less severe than the stay-at-home order initiated in the spring. However, the conquistadors were far more interested in gold and loot. Public health officials in some counties are warning that unless the coronavirus surge can be stopped, hospitals could run out of beds in weeks. He quickly got into a conflict with the largest state of the New World and managed to capture the absolute monarch, Atahuallpa. Source for information on Spanish Conquistadors: U*X*L Encyclopedia of U.S. History dictionary. They thought they’d find great riches there. Conquistador, any of the leaders in the Spanish conquest of America, especially of Mexico and Peru, in the 16th century. The cities of the Maya could have been it. Quisquis and Rumiñahui took up the fight against the Spanish in the following months. Conquistadors like Hernan Cortes and Francisco Pizarro became legendary for their conquests of the Aztec and Inca Empires, honored as national heroes for centuries after their deaths. I need facts or reasons why each of the following Conquistadors was a HERO and/or VILLAIN: Hernando Cortez Cabeza de Vaca (Head of Cow) Estevan (Or Estevanico) Coronado They were all spanish Conquistadors except for Estevan who was a slave. The rumor of one last wealthy native kingdom known as El Dorado (The Golden One) proved so persistent that it was not until about 1800 that people stopped looking for it. B. The Spanish conquistadors had many military advantages over the New World natives. The viceroyalties were expected to be governed in America in precisely the same way as the king governed i… Op-Ed: On the COVID frontlines, we’re tired of hearing lame excuses for risky behavior. Welcome to our comprehensive gift guide for the 2020 holiday season. Arquebuses, smoothbore precursors to rifles, were not practical firearms in a fight, as they are slow to load and kill or wound only one enemy at a time, but the noise and smoke caused fear in native armies. I was especially impressed by his witnessing of a Spanish soldier who, not finding anything for his hound to eat, took a toddler away from his mother, cut his arms off and fed the dog with them. In the 1500s Spain was at the height of its glory. Juan Ponce de Leon (1450–1521) is said to have famously searched for the Fountain of Youth in Florida (although much of that is a myth). In the Caribbean, most of the native populations were completely wiped out due to Spanish rapine and diseases. Dozens of expeditions set out, searching everywhere from the plains of North America to the jungles of South America. On some other expeditions, men were lucky to get home alive, let alone with any gold: only four men survived the disastrous Panfilo de Narvaez (1478–1528) expedition to Florida which had begun with 400 men–Narváez was not among the survivors. A response board for comments has been set up as part of the exhibit because “we were curious about what the response would be,” Frank said. Disease epidemics can set the course of human history. Their armies were mostly composed of Spanish, as well as soldiers from other parts of Europe and Africa. In Mexico, conquistadors found great golden treasures, including great discs of gold, masks, jewelry, and even gold dust and bars. The Americas were full of fierce native warriors who defended their lands valiantly, but they had gold and other valuables, which were irresistible to the invaders. Many of the Spanish were already experienced soldiers who had previously campaigned in Europe. The spanish did bad things in america, totally. Francisco de Orellana saw women warriors on a great river and named them after the Amazons of popular culture. The conquistadors were Spanish and Portuguese soldiers who explored much of the world during the Age of Discovery. All in all, Atahualpa's ransom came to 13,000 pounds of gold and twice that much silver. Why were they so often the Bad Guys? 1500–1533) fill up a large room once with gold and twice with silver in exchange for his freedom. The men in Spanish conquistador Hernan Cortes' (1485–1547) forces in Mexico, however, did not make out nearly as well. First and foremost, Spain claimed all of the gold and silver rich lands of Central and South America. It should not be surprising, then, that squabbles between groups of these heavily-armed bandits should break out frequently. The conquest of Mexico was carried out by Hernan Cortes, who landed at Veracruz in 1519; Peru was conquered by Francisco Pizarro and Diego del Almagro, which began in 1531. In 1492, Christopher Columbus discovered previously unknown lands to the west of Europe, and it wasn't long before the New World filled with colonists and adventurers looking to make a fortune. Cortes also secured an alliance with the free state of Tlaxcala, which provided him with thousands of fierce warriors who hated the Mexica and their allies. There are two aspects to consider here: their religion, and their politics. Please Help! Wherever the conquistadors went, death, disease, and misery for the natives followed. The word Conquistador literally means conqueror – the men and women who explored the New World, and claimed it’s land for the Spanish crown. In Guatemala, conquistador Pedro de Alvarado is buried in an unassuming grave in Antigua, but his old foe, Tecun Uman, has his face on a banknote. There is no admission charge, but a $5 donation per adult is requested. Why were Spanish Conquistadors so brutal towards indigenous?