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kalanchoe scientific name

kalanchoe scientific name

viii + 124 pp. Brisbane, Australia: Government Printer, Baldwin JT Jr, 1938. http://plants.usda.gov, Viswanathan P, Sriram V, Yogeeswaran G, 2000. Flower. Bryophyllum pinnatum poisoning of cattle. CAM was first described from K. pinnata (for a review, see Kluge and Ting, 1978). Three new records of fungal diseases of economic plants in Maharashtra State. Flora of the Cayman Islands. Lublin, Poland, BDG Program, 2003. Fernandes R, 1983. Mucilaginous plants and their uses in medicine. Washington DC, USA: Department of Biological Diversity of the Guianas Program, NMNH, Smithsonian Institution. Kalanchoe globulifera H. Perrier var coccinea: Common names: Flaming Katy (Engl.) by Izquierdo I, Martín JL, Zurita N, Arechavaleta M]. 2010d, US Fish and Wildlife Service, pinnata and var. In: Recovery Plan for the Kauai Plant Cluster : US Fish and Wildlife Service.270 pp. and the dagger nematode Xiphinema brevicolle (Orton Williams, 1980). (Flora da Madeira. Proximate and elemental composition of Bryophyllum pinnatum [Kalanchoe pinnata] (Lim). Aliso, 12:386-406, Toelken HR, 1985. Flora Himalaya Database. In Madagascar, K. pinnata is found in temperate and subhumid climates which receive between 1000 and 2000 mm of rain per annum (Paulian, 1984). A few of the chromosomes are markedly smaller than the rest so the haploid number could be interpreted as n=17+3 or n=18+2. All rights reserved. In: Lista de especies silvestres de Canarias (hongos, plantas y animales terrestres) [ed. London, UK: Governments of the Straits Settlements and Federal Malay States, Crown Agents for the Colonies, Chopra RN, Nayar SL, Copra IC, 1956. In: Kew Bulletin Additional Series, London, UK: Royal Botanical Gardens. Phytochemistry, 11:1500-1502, Gaind KN, Gupta RL, 1974. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). US Fish and Wildlife Service, 2008. Phyllostegia mollis (no common name). Comparative morphological and embryological analysis of vegetative propagules and sexual embryos revealed a strong similarity in their developmental patterns. Recovery Outline for the Kauai Ecosystem. Kulu`i (Nototrichium humile). Kalanchoe 'Tessa' (Pendent Flowered Kalanchoe), Kalanchoe rhombopilosa var. http://botany.si.edu/Antilles/WestIndies/catalog.htm. Photosynthesis of arid and subtropical succulent plants. It is relatively drought intolerant and may become almost totally defoliated during periods of extended drought (Forster, 1985). In: 5-Year Review, Short Form Summary: Species Reviewed: Schiedea kauaiensis (no common name) : US Fish and Wildlife Service.6 pp. Kalanchoe pinnata, formerly known as Bryophyllum pinnatum, also known as the air plant, cathedral bells, life plant, miracle leaf, and Goethe plant is a succulent plant native to Madagascar, which is a popular houseplant and has become naturalized in tropical and subtropical areas. In: Bissea: Boletin sobre Conservacion de Plantad del Jardin Botanico Nacional, 6 [ed. Berlin, Germany: Springer, 324-335, Kluge M, Brulfert J, Lipp J, Ravelomanana D, Ziegler H, 1993. Witt A, Luke Q, 2017. Classification within this family is difficult, mainly because many of the species hybridize in both the wild and in cultivation. 174 pp. South Africa: Department of Agriculture and Water Supply. The leaves are simple, usually ternate, sub-cylindrical, up to 6 inches (15 cm) long, and up to 0.2 inches (0.5 cm) wide. Washington DC, USA: Smithsonian Institution. Vaduz, Germany: J. Cramer, 1692 pp, Cullen J, Alexander JCM, Brady A, Bricknell CD, Green PS, Heywood VH, Jorgensen P-M, Jury SL, Knees SG, Leslie AC, Matthews VA, Robson NKB, Walters SM, Wijnands DO, Yeo PF, 1995. Bissea: Boletín sobre Conservación de Plantas del Jardín Botánico Nacional de Cuba, 6(Special Issue 1):22-96, Pal S, Chaudhuri AKN, 1990. Madagascar: a micro-continent between Africa and Asia. Les plantes utiles du Gabon. Phyllostegia knudsenii (Waimea phyllostegia), US Fish and Wildlife Service, Please consider upgrading your browser to the latest version or installing a new browser. Allahbad, India: Lalit Mohan Basu, Kluge M, Brulfert J, 1996. US Fish and Wildlife Service, 2009. Online Database. Fitoterapia, 61:527-534, Pal S, Chaudhuri AKN, 1991. Antihistamine activity of Bryophyllum calycinum. genuina. US Fish and Wildlife Service, 2010. In: Federal Register , 68(39) : US Fish and Wildlife Service.9116-9164. typhi, E. coli, Shigella dysenteriae and Pseudomonas aeruginosa) and two filamentous fungi (Alternaria alternata and Rhizoctonia bataticola [Macrophomina phaseolina]), and a yeast Candida albicans. 5-Year Review: Summary and Evaluation. Naturalized plants from foreign country into Japan., Japan: Research Institute for Bioresources, Okayama University, Laboratory of Wild Plant Science. In: 5-Year Review, Short Form Summary: Wilkesia hobdyi (dwarf iliau) : US Fish and Wildlife Service.8 pp. Some species of Kalanchoe are characterized by the capability to produce plantlets in notches at the margin of the leaf blade. The epiphyllous buds differentiate by producing two roots from the lower side, followed by a shoot from the upper side from which the first pair of leaves emerges. Preferred Names. [ed. 834 pp. It has also been reported as a host for crop pests, including Scirtothrips aurantii, Athelia rolfsii and Xiphinema brevicolle (see Notes on Natural Enemies for more details). 5-Year Review: Summary and Evaluation. Structure and stereochemistry of bryophyllin-A, a novel potent cytotoxic bufadienolide orthoacetate from Bryophyllum pinnatum. Anti-inflammatory action of Bryophyllum pinnatum leaf extract. In efficacy tests (Sparkes et al., 2002), 2,4-D and fluroxypyr gave best control of K. pinnata with >90% kill rates. Flora Vitiensis nova: a new flora of Fiji. 2008b, US Fish and Wildlife Service, Bioscience, Biotechnology and Biochemistry, 64(6):1310-1312; 8 ref, Swarbrick JT, 1997. New insecticidal bufadienolide, bryophyllin C, from Kalanchoe pinnata. Scaevola coriacea (dwarf naupaka). Root and shoot initiation occurs 9 and 12 days after leaf detachment, respectively (Sawhney et al., 1994).Batygina et al. Rehabilitation du genre Bryophyllum Salisb. American Journal of Botany, 13:179-193, The Plant List, 2010. National list of invasive and potentially invasive plants in the Republic of Cuba - 2011. Catalogue of the Seed Plants of the West Indies. Kalanchoe pinnata (cathedral bells); seedlings amongst litter layer. Orton Williams K J, 1980. (1996) found that epiphyllous bud development in K. pinnata proceeds via embryoidogenesis (i.e. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report. You can also browse succulents by Scientific Name, Common Name, Family, USDA Hardiness Zone, Origin, or cacti by Genus. Mona, Jamaica: University of the West Indies. US Fish and Wildlife Service, 2010. Flaming Katy (Engl.) http://ecos.fws.gov/docs/federal_register/fr4053.pdf. The leaves are opposite and decussate and, in adult plants, are only present on the upper parts. In Queensland, Australia, K. pinnata was ranked 47 of 200 invasive naturalized plants (Batianoff and Butler, 2002). Planta Medica, 25:193-1979, Gehrig H, Gaussmann O, Marx H, Schwarzott D, Kluge M, 2001. Space J, Flynn T, 2001. Further studies on the anti-inflammatory profile of the methanolic fraction of the fresh leaf extract of Bryophyllum pinnatum. A checklist of the trees, shrubs, herbs, and climbers of Myanmar. 2010f, US Fish and Wildlife Service, Allelopathic chemicals released from roots and fallen leaves may facilitate displacement of native flora. Report to the Kingdom of Tonga on Invasive Plant Species of Environmental Concern., Honolulu, USA: USDA Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Research Station, Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry. Crassulaceae. https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysearch.aspx, USDA-ARS, 2013. Kalanchoe gracilipes (Bak.) US Fish and Wildlife Service, 2010. In: Wu Z, Raven PH, eds. Scientific name Kalanchoe Family Crassulaceae Synonyms Kalanchoe Origin The plant originates from tropical Africa, Asia and Madagascar. K. pinnata was not present in transects at this site in 1982 but was present in 1997 (Batianoff and Franks, 1998). Effects of leaf extracts of Eucalyptus and other plant species on the rooting of cuttings and seed germination of several plant species. (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) were collected on K. pinnata in Madagascar. Boletim do Museu Municipal do Funchal (História Natural), supplement 8:281 pp, Smith AC, 1985. www.europe-aliens.org, Dalziel JM, 1937. Berlin, Germany: Springer-Verlag, Kress WJ, Defilipps RA, Farr E, Kyi DYY, 2003. Plant Protection Quarterly, 12(4):180-186; 26 ref, Batianoff GN, Franks AJ, 1998. In: Invasive species in the Pacific: A technical review and draft regional strategy. Hormonal regulation of epiphyllous bud release and development in Bryophyllum calycinum. 2009e, Spermolepis hawaiiensis (Hawaii scaleseed), US Fish and Wildlife Service, Taking cuttings from the flaming katy and propagating them (easily done) will allow a grower to create new plants and provide a higher chance of seeing more flowers if the parent plant decides it no longer wants to produce more (it's easier than being concerned about the parent re-flowering). Pers in Nudgee Wetlands Reserve, Queensland. Bryophyllum pinnatum var. Click on the photo or the name of the succulent plant for which you wish to see further information. Cytotaxonomic studies in the subfamilies Crassuloideae, Kalanchoideae, and Cotyledonoideae of the Crassulaceae. Planta Medica, 20:368-373, Gaind KN, Gupta RL, 1973. Plantas vasculares naturalizadas no arquipélago da Madeira.) The methanolic extract of K. pinnata leaves showed significant anti-inflammatory activity on different experimental models (Pal and Chaudhuri, 1990, 1992). Queensland Agricultural Journal, 112(3):105-108, Meyer J-Y, 2000. US Fish and Wildlife Service, 2010. Plant Science, 160:827-835, Gehrig HH, Roesicke H, Kluge M, 1997. Recovery Plan for the Kauai Plant Cluster. In: 5-Year Review, Short Form Summary: Species Reviewed: Phyllostegia knudsenii (no common name) : US Fish and Wildlife Service.6 pp. US Fish and Wildlife Service, 2010. http://mobot.mobot.org/W3T/Search/vast.html, Mohan Ram H, 1963. Antimicrobial activity of Bryophyllum pinnatum leaves. Schiedea spergulina var. African Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences, 14:199-202, Obaseiki-Ebor EE, Odukoya K, Telikepalli H, Mitscher Lester A, Shankel Delbert M, 1993. 2009d, Phyllostegia renovans (red-leaf phyllostegia), US Fish and Wildlife Service, K. pinnata is described as a moderate invader of the Pacific islands of Hawaii, French Polynesia and Palau (Meyer, 2000). London, UK: Whitefriars Press Ltd., 36, Dastur JF, 1951. Meaning Kalanchoe plant … It forms a basal rosette of large, rounded…, Kalanchoe luciae 'Oricula' is a mutation of Kalanchoe luciae. by Izquierdo, I. Kalanchoe isometric virus (KIV) was identified in crude sap of K. pinnata plants showing a mild mosaic on the leaves (Izaguirre-Mayoral et al., 1990). Bissea: Boletín sobre Conservación de Plantas del Jardín Botánico Nacional de Cuba. Antimutagenic activity of extracts of leaves of four common edible vegetable plants in Nigeria (West Africa). Description: Bushy plants often 12 to 15 inches tall with thick, fleshy leaves. The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. Species Kalanchoe pinnata (Lam.) In vitro modification of regeneration in foliar embryos of Bryophyllum calycinum Salisb. Sterols of Kalanchoe pinnata: first report of the isolation of both C-24 epimers of 24-alkyl-delta-25-sterols from a higher plant. However, it has also been found on the eastern seaboard, in the south, just north of Fort Dauphin (ABR Witt, ARC-PPRI, South Africa, personal communication, 2004). The report will display the kingdom and all descendants leading down to the name you choose. Charles Darwin Research Station, Puerto Ayora, Galapagos, Space J, Flynn T, 2001. by Boggan J, Funk V, Kelloff C, Hoff M, Cremers G, Feuillet C]. K. pinnata is not normally known as a weed of crops, although it has been reported to displace crops in the Galapagos Islands (Soria et al., 2002). Kalanchoe manginii f. variegata, also known as Bryophyllum manginii f. variegata, is a succulent perennial with arching branches of variegated leaves…, Kalanchoe rosei is a succulent perennial, up to 6 feet (1.8 m) tall, with simple, erect, brownish-green stems. Bailey (1885) mentions it in his census of the Brisbane Botanic Garden and Bowen Park (the garden of the Queensland Acclimatisation Society), Australia, which is an indication that it was utilized more than 100 years ago as a garden ornamental in Australia. Phenolic components from the leaves of Kalanchoe pinnata. Oxford, UK: Pergamon, 1-26, PIER, 2004. In: Recovery Plan for the Maui Plant Cluster : US Fish and Wildlife Service.130 pp. Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need. Antitumor agents: 110. Space J, Flynn T, 2002. New Phytologist, 79:225-232, Holm LG, Pancho JK, Herberger JP, Plunkett PL, 1991. 5-Year Review Short Form Summary: Remya montgomeryi (no common name). In: Urera kaalae (opuhe). Brisbane, Australia: Queensland Department of Primary Industries, Staples GW, Imada CT, Herbst DR, 2002. 12 (2), 387-406. The upper leaves are often 3- or 5-foliate while the lower leaves are simple. Soria M, Taylor U, Tye A, Wilkinson SR, 2002. 5-Year Review: Summary and Evaluation. Kalanchoe (kalanchoe blossfeldiana) Know kalanchoe care tips, kalanchoe propagation, and kind of part needs best for bryophyllum plant. 15 SIDDIQUI S, FAIZI S, SIDDIQUI B, SULTANA N, 1989 US Fish and Wildlife Service, 2011. In: 5-Year Review, Short Form Summary: Species Reviewed: Remya kauaiensis (no common name) : US Fish and Wildlife Service.12 pp. In: 5-Year Review, Short Form Summary: Species Reviewed: Pteralyxia kauaiensis (kaulu) : US Fish and Wildlife Service.9 pp. In: Contributions from the United States National Herbarium, 45 1-590. Systematique, Ecophysiologie et Phytochimie. In: 5-Year Review, Short Form Summary: Species Reviewed: Stenogyne campanulata (no common name) : US Fish and Wildlife Service.6 pp. New Zealand Plant Names Database. Kalanchoe blossfeldiana Poelln. 49 refs. Kalanchoe: the genus and its chromosomes. vi + 601 pp. A checklist of the trees, shrubs, herbs, and climbers of Myanmar. ]; 13 ref, Burkill IH, 1935. 5-Year Review, Short Form Summary: Species Reviewed: Stenogyne campanulata (no common name). Correll DS, Correll HB, 1982. Lipids, 26:660-665, Akinpelu DA, 2000. Greensboro, North Carolina, USA: National Plant Data Team. The elliptical, coarsely…, Kalanchoe rhombopilosa var. Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, 25:929-936, Naylor EE, 1932. In: Kulu`i (Nototrichium humile). kalanchoe blossfeldiana flowers can be found very easily. (Lista nacional de especies de plantas invasoras y potencialmente invasoras en la República de Cuba - 2011). In: Phyllostegia mollis (no common name). Recent studies circumscribe the family Crassulaceae into three sub-families: Crassuloideae, Kalanchoideae and Sempervivoideae (Ham and 't Hart, 1998; Mort et al., 2001; Stevens, 2012). Angiosperm Phylogeny Website. Detection of DNA polymorphisms in the genus Kalanchoe by RAPD-PCR fingerprint and its relationships to infrageneric taxonomic position and ecophysiological photosynthetic behaviour of the species. A geographical checklist of the Micronesian dicotyledonae. Report to the Republic of Palau on Invasive Species of Environmental Concern., Honolulu, Hawaii, USA: USDA Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Research Station, Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry. It is also found in the temperate humid and subhumid climates of the central highlands of Madagascar, with annual rainfall between 1000 and 2000 mm (Paulian, 1984). Ignoring this ominous common name, I was captivated by the highly ornamental leaf (that's all I was given) … American Journal of Botany, 88(1):76-91, Morton JF, 1990. Indian Journal of Plant Physiology, 37:229-236, Siddiqui S, Faizi S, Siddiqui BS, Sultana N, 1989. Landcare Research, New Zealand, Bailey F, 1885. These remain dormant until conditions are favourable for plantlet formation (Yarbrough, 1932). 5-Year Review, Short Form Summary: Xylosma crenatum (no common name). In: Leistner OA, ed. Mutation Research, 302:109-117, Olajide OA, Awe SO, Makinde JM, 1998. Flora Himalaya Database., France: Laboratoire d'Ecologie Alpine. 241pp. 5-Year Review, Short Form Summary: Species Reviewed: Phyllostegia knudsenii (no common name). It is a delightful little plant that puts up a brave show in clumps among trees and shrubs. Havana, Cuba: Academia de Ciencias de Cuba. American Journal of Botany, 35:695-706. Vegetative propagule organs arise from dormant meristem derivatives. The University of Minnesota is an equal opportunity educator and employer. Flora Zambesiaca, 7:3-74, Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2011. Schiedea hookeri (no common name). On the island of St John, US Virgin Islands, K. pinnata forms dense stands crowding out native herbaceous vegetation (Ting, 1989), and in the Galapagos Islands, K. pinnata not only replaces the herb layer with a monospecific stand, but forms a dense carpet that inhibits the regeneration of the shrub and tree layers (Tye, 2001). The Flora of Guam. Bishop Museum Occasional Paper, 68:3-18, Stevens PF, 2012. brevicalyx Raym.-Hamet & H. Perrier, Kalanchoe pinnata var. somatic embryos). http://www.cabi.org/cabebooks/ebook/20173158959 doi:10.1079/9781786392145.0000, Yamagishi T, Haruna M, Yan XZ, Chang JJ, Lee KH, 1989. Other species collected on K. pinnata in its introduced range in South Africa include Aphis sedi (Hemiptera: Aphididae), Alcidodes sedi (Coleoptera: Curculionidae), Scirtothrips aurantii (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) and an unidentified weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Conoderinae). Comptes Rendus de l'Academie des Sciences, Paris, Serie D, 278:2505-2508, Leelavathy KM, 1973. Kalanchoe daigremontiana: Mother of Thousands (or Mother of Millions, depending on how many babies she has) with spotted but spear shaped leaves outlined with baby plants.. Kalanchoe 'Butterfly Wings' is a beautiful red to purple clone of Kalanchoe daigremontiana. Species recognized by Madagascar Species List. It is fairly abundant along the coast, growing in sandy soils and along granite outcrops. calcicolum H. Perrier, Kalanchoe brevicalyx (Raym.-Hamet & H. Perrier) Boiteau, Kalanchoe pinnata var. The name came from the Chinese name "Kalan Chauhuy", which means "that which falls and grows". Kalanchoes are native to Madagasgar and thrive in arid environments, making them popular succulents.Growers are drawn to Kalanchoe for its ease of care and interesting leaves and flowers, which bloom consistently throughout the year in response to daylight. Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Listing 23 Species on Oahu as Endangered and Designating Critical Habitat for 124 Species. 5-Year Review: Summary and Evaluation : US Fish and Wildlife Service.11 pp. Weed Risk Assessment. Movement of K. pinnata to the Caribbean and South America may have occurred after the arrival of early European traders in the Indian Ocean or possibly during the slave trade from West Africa. 5-Year Review, Short Form Summary: Species Reviewed: Schiedea membranacea (no common name). + appendices. Useful plants of the Island of Guam. The methanolic extract of K. pinnata has shown potent cytotoxicity in vitro against tumour cell cultures (Yamagishi et al., 1988), significant anti-ulcer activity in nine experimental animal models (Pal and Chaudhuri, 1991), and potent central nervous system depressant action (Pal et al., 1999). Australian National Cacti and Succulent Journal, 1:38, Forster PI, 1997. Manual of the Flowering Plants of Hawaii, Revised ed. Anatomical and developmental studies of the foliar embryos of Bryophyllum calycinum. Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Final Designation or Nondesignation of Critical Habitat for 95 Plant Species From the Islands of Kauai and Niihau, HI; Final Rule. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide. Toxicological analysis and effectiveness of oral Kalanchoe pinnata on a human case of cutaneous leishmaniasis. The New Royal Horticultural Society Dictionary of Gardening. Space J, Flynn T, 2002a. Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk. Urera kaalae (opuhe). In: Flora of Southern Africa, 14 [ed. Beltsville, Maryland, USA: National Germplasm Resources Laboratory. In vegetative reproduction, suckers are produced from the base of the plant and daughter plantlets are formed along the edges of detached leaves (epiphyllous buds). Flowering Plants of Jamaica. 96-143. Invasive Species in the Pacific: A Technical Review and Draft Regional Strategy. 2008a, US Fish and Wildlife Service, 14 GAIND KN, GUPTA RL, 1972 Alkanes, alkanols, triterpenes and sterols from Kalanchoe pinnata. 5-Year Review, Short Form Summary: Species Reviewed: Remya kauaiensis (no common name). All About Growing Kalanchoe. US Fish and Wildlife Service, 1997. Honolulu, USA: USDA Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Research Station, Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry, 177, Sparkes EC, Grace S, Panetta FD, 2002. 5-Year Review, Short Form Summary: Species Reviewed: Pteralyxia kauaiensis (kaulu). In: 5-Year Review, Short Form Summary: Species Reviewed: Poa mannii (Mann's bluegrass) : US Fish and Wildlife Service.10 pp. 3 other plants in the family Crassulaceae that can sometimes be confused with Kalanchoes: Echeveria hybrid (left); Aeonium nobile (right) and Crassula cotyledonis (below) My introduction to Kalanchoes was with an infamous plant, one of whose common names is Mother of Thousands. Phytochemistry, 28:2433-2438, Silva Vieria RM da, 2002. Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas., [ed. In: Determination of Endangered Status for 48 Species on Kauai and designation of Critical Habitat: Final Rule : US Fish and Wildlife Service.i + 205 pp. Report to the Republic of Palau on Invasive Plant Species of Environmental Concern. Kalanchoe laetivirens, also known as Bryophyllum laetivirens, is a very unusual succulent with large, up to 8 inches (20 cm) long and up to 3 inches (7.5 cm) wide, bluish-green leaves with baby plantlets all around the serrated edges, giving them a dainty, unique appearance. Broome R, Sabir K, Carrington S, 2007. Kalanchoe globulifera var. 2010a, US Fish and Wildlife Service, This is supported by studies on endogenous levels of these hormones (Henson and Wareing, 1977), as well as cytokinin promotion and auxin inhibition of budding when applied exogenously to K. pinnata (Mohan Ram, 1963; Houck and Rieseberg, 1983). Guide to the naturalized and invasive plants of Eastern Africa, [ed. In: Flora Zambesiaca, 7 3-74. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. 5-Year Review, Short Form Summary: Species Reviewed: Schiedea stellarioides (no common name). A typical association for K. pinnata is at Nundah Creek near Brisbane, Australia, in a coastal heath verging on mangrove swamps. Flowering plants of Jamaica. New Zealand Plant Names Database., New Zealand: Landcare Research. UK: Commonwealth Institute of Helminthology (on behalf of SPEC/UNDP/FAO/CAB). Aliso. Flora of Taiwan., 3 12. In: Plantas indeseables en los cultivos cubanos. 146. pinnata has shown insecticidal properties related to a bufadienolide constituent (Supratman et al., 2000).Onwuliri and Anekwe (1992) found that K. pinnata is a rich source of some elements that are important in the maintenance of human health. Manual de identificación y manejo de malezas en Galápagos. Kalanchoe (Crassulacees) de Madagascar. 1-295. Interestingly, K. pinnata has not become invasive in South Africa although it is sometimes found near habitation in large numbers (Toelken, 1985). Classification within this family is difficult mainly because many of the species hybridize in both the wild and in cultivation ( García-Sogo et al., 2010 ). In: Schiedea apokremnos (maolioli). The juice of the fresh leaves is used very effectively for the treatment of jaundice in folk medicines of Bundelkhand region of India. 2010b, US Fish and Wildlife Service, leiopoda (no common name). 192 pp. Crassulaceae. Scientific Names. Bissea: Boletin sobre Conservacion de Plantad del Jardin Botanico Nacional, 6:1-140, Ham RCHJvan, 't Hart H, 1998. It belongs to the Crassulaceae family and it is closely related to the jade plant. Havana, Cuba: Academia de Ciencias de Cuba, 241 pp, Adams CD, 1972. http://server.rib.okayama-u.ac.jp/wild/index.html, Evett J, Norris EH, 1990. In New South Wales, Australia, two cattle reportedly died from ingestion of K. pinnata (Reppas, 1995). In: Spermolepis hawaiiensis (no common name). In New South Wales, Australia, it is a declared noxious weed under that state's Noxious Weed Act (1993) in the shire of Maclean. Crassulaceae. Toelken HR, 1985. Kalanchoes are one of the easiest of all blooming plants to grow. Online database. This makes it an ideal plant for low maintenance gardens especially in very warm regions and, if you need to cover a wide area with a stunning succulent, Kalanchoe tubiflora will do it in a very short time. Useful plants of India and Pakistan: a popular handbook of trees and plants of industrial, economic and commercial utility. Formes de croissance et multiplication vegetative des Kalanchoe Malgaches. VAScular Tropicos database. Bombay, India: Popular Book Depot, Nassis CZ, Haebisch EMAB, Giesbrecht AM, 1992. Its quadrangular, fleshy but woody-based…. While many botanists have adopted the APG III system of classification for the orders and families of flowering plants which places the Crassulaceae family in the order Saxifragales, the CAB Thesaurus continues to use the Cronquist system which places it under Rosales. Carbon isotope ratios of the biomass of a plant are a convenient method for obtaining information about the frequency and variability of photosynthetic carbon assimilation pathways (Kluge et al., 1993). US Fish and Wildlife Service, 2009. In tropical East Africa, K. pinnata is found in riverine areas, amongst rocks and also in the shade of trees in areas ranging in altitude from 10 to 1600 m (Wickens, 1987). Online Database. Honolulu, USA: University of Hawaii Press, Wickens GE, 1987. Kalanchoe blossfeldiana is commonly known as Flaming Katy, Christmas Kalanchoe, Widow’s Thrill, or Florist Kalanchoe. 2011d, US Fish and Wildlife Service, © Copyright 2020 CAB International. Flora of the Bahama Archipelago. The species is listed as W2 requiring that the weed must be fully and continuously suppressed and destroyed by land managers. Triterpenoids and phenanthrenes from leaves of Bryophyllum pinnatum. Li HL, Liu TS, Huang TC, Koyama T, DeVol CE, 1977. Kalanchoe pinnata (cathedral bells); open flowers. Baill. [English title not available]. Species recognized by EOL Dynamic Hierarchy 1.1 and EOL Dynamic Hierarchy 1.1. 1-140. The major impact of K. pinnata is the formation of thick stands that displace existing vegetation, reducing local biodiversity. Oviedo Prieto R, Herrera Oliver P, Caluff M G, et al, 2012. The extensive distribution of K. pinnata throughout the tropics relative to related species is speculated to be due, in part, to its medicinal usage by early navigators (Boiteau and Allorge-Boiteau, 1995). Umbels of trump… Kalanchoe plants are succulent having thick leaves. Honolulu, USA: USDA Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Research Station, Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry, 51, Space J, Flynn T, 2002. Candollea, 26:103-107, Friedmann F, 1975. http://www.theplantlist.org/, Ting IP, 1989. 524-528. Bryophyllum. Reference taxon from World Plants in Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. The juice of leaves of K. pinnata has antibiotic activity against Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus subtilis, Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa (Boakye-Yiadom, 1977). US Fish and Wildlife Service, 1998. Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry. Intra- and interspecific allelochemical effects in three Kalanchoe-species (Crassulaceae). Fosberg F R, Sachet M H, Oliver R, 1979. (Pteridophyta y Spermatophyta). Bryophyllin B, a novel potent cytotoxic bufadienolide from Bryophyllum pinnatum. GeneticsKalanchoe species in their Madagascan native range have shown a haploid chromosome number of n=17 except for K. pinnata which has 2n=40 (Taylor, 1926; Baldwin, 1938; Uhl, 1948; Friedmann, 1971).

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