castor oil toxicity
India, Brazil, and China are the primary producers of castor oil. Are They Good For You? This oil is also used as a preparation means for radiological and colonoscopy examinations (3), (4). Castor oil is completely safe for human consumption with minimal toxic effects in both acute and chronic settings. Castor oil is used in cosmetics, medicines, massage oils, and medicines – given its powerful therapeutic benefits. However, harvesting castor beans may not be without risk. As per an Iranian study, castor oil-induced nausea can also be accompanied by vomiting, abdominal fullness, and cramps (4). 4). 10 Health Benefits And Side Effects Of Burdock Tea, Essential Oils: The Best Way To Treat Hemorrhoids, 20 Amazing Health Benefits Of Lemon Myrtle, 12 Amazing Benefits Of Nymphaea Caerulea For Skin, Hair And Health, 10 Amazing Health Benefits Of Lily Of The Valley, Coconut Oil Side Effects: High Cholesterol, Diarrhea, And More, Apple Cider Vinegar: 8 Possible Side Effects And Dosage. Castor oil is the pale yellow liquid that is extracted from castor seeds (Ricinus communis). It Can Be A Potential Irritant. They have similar side effects if you don’t stick to the clinically-set dosage (9). Also, castor supplements containing other natural herbs may increase the risk of allergies. Castor oil is an effective homeopathic remedy for skin problems and cataracts in dogs. It also contains oleic and linoleic acids. The actual bean is probably not a good weapon, but poisoning by ricin has been documented. Seeds or beans swallowed whole with the hard outer shell intact typically prevent absorption of significant toxin. Cardiotoxic effects are rare. In generations just a little before mine it was also promulgated as a laxative, even being used in extreme dosage for torture during the Second World War by Italians under the control of Mussolini. Also, it is highly likely that castor oil supplements contain castor beans, which are highly toxic (27). The cause of the toxicity in the castor bean plant is a protein called ricin. Other allergic reactions to castor oil are redness (erythema) and hives. The structure of the major protein of the human erythrocyte membrane. The plant is known for its distinctive green to reddish purple, spiny fruit capsules that contain large, oval, shiny, bean-like, highly poisonous seeds. Here, we discuss the possible side effects of castor oil you must be wary about and the measures you can take to avoid them. Dr Mercola writes that according to the U.S. FDA and Drug Administration castor oil is regarded as effective and safe. Castor oil should be avoided in case you suffer from colitis, irritable bowels, diverticulitis, ulcers or hemorrhoids. Castor oil is rich in ricinoleic acid, a monounsaturated fatty acid. Mix a tablespoon of castor oil with olive oil and the juice of half a lemon. Consulting your doctor before taking such dangerous steps is recommended as there is insufficient literature about the safety of castor oil use in lactating women, new-mothers, breastfeeding infants, and children (9). Argan Oil for Face: 5 Incredible Benefits, Neem Oil for Scabies: Miraculous Treatment, All Castor Oil Side Effects You Must Know, Almond Oil For Skin Whitening: A Natural Way To Even Your Skin Complexion, Castor Oil and Facial Hair: Pros and Cons. StyleCraze provides content of general nature that is designed for informational purposes only. While adults can use castor oil internally in modest amounts, it is not commonly used in pets internally. The side effects may have largely to do with the dosing. Though there is less research on the safety or toxicity of castor oil supplements, anecdotal evidence suggests that they carry the risk of higher levels of contamination. Scientific Name: Ricinus communis. The castor bean plant, Ricinus communis, is a "native of tropical Africa cultivated in several varieties for the oil found in its leaves and for its bold foliage. Additional Common Names: Castor Oil Plant, Mole Bean Plant, African Wonder Tree, Castor Bean. These days, more and more people are turning to holistic treatments, both for themselves and for their pets. Castor oil for garden use may repel voles, moles and possibly other digging and tunneling animals, such as armadillos. Health conditions of the heart, brain, lungs, and vital organs must not be hidden from your healthcare provider. 2). Moreover, it is an irritant for the digestive system so it may cause the undesirable effect. The castor seed contains ricin, a toxic lectin. Yes. Castor oil has a laxative effect. Ricinus communis (castor oil plant) contain the toxin ricin. CASTOR OIL, HYDROGENATED and HYDROGENATED CASTOR OIL. All rights reserved. No scientific researches have been conducted to find out the effect of the oil on children. Cooking with Grapeseed Oil: A Taste! Though it is not harmful, applying castor oil on your eyes may not be desirable. While it is proven effective, it may come with certain risks so use it extra care. These capsules may have side effects if taken in excess. The only thing is that you should consult your doctor before applying the oil as castor oil has contraindications and side effects. This is why pregnant and menstruating women are advised against using castor oil as a laxative. A Natural Moisturizer. The oil has antimicrobial properties that may fight bacterial or fungal overgrowth. Reading and theater are his other interests. People report diarrhea and other digestive discomfort after drinking castor oil. The International Castor Oil Association FAQ document states that castor beans contain an allergenic compound called CB1A. Castor oil is recommended for usage as a laxative, for hair and skin care. As Wikipedia notes castor seeds contain not only castor oil but also ricin. The end goal is to provide our readers with unbiased and well-researched information, helping them make better decisions about their health and life. Castor oil is not a significant skin irritant or sensitizer in human clinical tests. Display Name: Castor oil, ethoxylated EC Number: 500-151-7 EC Name: Castor oil, ethoxylated CAS Number: 61791-12-6 Molecular formula: C57H104O9(CH2CH2O)n Castor oil has antibacterial, antifungal, and antiviral properties that help treat an itchy scalp. Ricin, discovered in 1888 by German scientist Peter Hermann Stillmark, is one of the most toxic substances known. These types … Final report on the safety assessment of Ricinus Communis (Castor) Seed Oil, Hydrogenated Castor Oil, Glyceryl Ricinoleate, Glyceryl Ricinoleate SE, Ricinoleic Acid, Potassium Ricinoleate, Sodium Ricinoleate, Zinc Ricinoleate, Cetyl Ricinoleate, Ethyl Ricinoleate, Glycol Ricinoleate, Isopropyl Ricinoleate, Methyl Ricinoleate, and Octyldodecyl Ricinoleate, International Journal of Toxicology, US National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health. Ricin is a poison protein found naturally in castor beans from the castor bean plant (Ricinus communis). Actually, no. And yes, they too have side effects if taken in excess. Biochem J. Ricin is part of the waste "mash" produced when castor oil is made. Hence, consult your doctor before consuming castor oil or its supplements. That’s why castor oil may induce gastrointestinal disorders. For children of 2 to under 12 years of age, 1-3 teaspoons maximum (5-15 mL) in a single daily dose can be tried (10). Paclitaxel (with polyoxyethylated castor oil) Injection, MedlinePlus, US National Library of Medicine, US Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health. Additionally, using castor oil as pest control is non-toxic and safe around children and pets. Grapeseed Oil Extract… Any Benefits Found? Toxic Rep Ser. 5-10 seeds of the castor oil plant may kill. Castor oil contraindications and side effects As the International Castor Oil Association notes, studies show that when people were given castor oil at concentrations not over 10% for 3 months they didn’t suffer from any side effects. Excess use of castor oil has been associated with various risks. Family: Euphorbiaceae. The allergen may be neutralized by treatment with a variety of alkaline agents. Irwin R. NTP technical report on the toxicity studies of Castor Oil (CAS No. This may result in skin irritation and gut issues (2). He graduated from SRM University, Chennai, and has been in the digital media field for over six years. I’ve used castor oil in my soap for a long time because it makes marvelous creamy lather (use level 4 to 10%), but I did some checking into the toxicity issue. 1977;161(1):139-147. Castor Bean Plant, Poisoning, and Oil. Castor Oil: Properties, Uses, and Optimization of Processing Parameters in Commercial Production, Lipid Insights, US National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health. The acid is known for its irritant and laxative effect. Castor oil gets purified of ricin during the extraction process. There is no research stating that castor oil could be bad for your hair. It can also cause intestinal cramps and abdominal pain if taken on an empty stomach (6), (7). CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review) 2007. In traditional Indian medicine, castor oil is given to infants 2-3 days after birth. Almond Oil vs Sweet Almond Oil: How to Choose the Best Almond Oil, Fish Oil and Depression: How to Treat Depression with Fish Oil, Amazing Benefits of Tea Tree Oil for Cold Sores, Jojoba Oil for Hair: All Benefits and Applications, What is Corn Oil: Only True Facts about Cooking Oils. Place a heating pad over it, and directly apply it to the infected area for an hour. "(Alber and Alber) The "stalked leaves consist of usually eight radiating, pointed leaflets with slightly serrated edges and prominent central veins. For some interesting reading have a look at the death of Georgi Ivanov Markov – sounds like it would make a good movie. You may hear that people use it for detoxing and healing liver, for treating arthritis and back pain. A few human studies also produced concurrent results (2). It is very difficult to accidentally be exposed to ricin. Jenkins RE, Tanner JA. Although the castor oil plant comprises such a dangerous toxin castor oil is free from ricin as the International Journal of Toxicology’s Final Report on Castor Oil states. We avoid using tertiary references. It can be used for massaging your pet or added to your pet’s shampoo. Ricin enters cells ribosomes and prevents the synthesis of proteins in the cells killing them. Around 90% of the oil is comprised of ricinoleic acid, which is its primary healing agent (1). Copyright © 2011 - 2020 Incnut Digital. StyleCraze believes in credibility and giving our readers access to authentic and evidence-based content. This practice can result in severe intestinal damage, diarrhea, pneumonia, and malnutrition (9). 4 Reasons to Use Sunflower Oil on Your Skin and 6 Easy Ways to Do It! Is Castor Bean Oil Poisonous? Dizziness is another symptom of castor oil overdose. How does castor oil work for an itchy scalp? Before you intake castor oil, you must first let your doctor know if you are allergic to plant oils. What Precautions Are Needed While Using Castor Oil? [No authors listed]. Also, good castor oil is odorless. The toxin enzyme concentration is minimal, so using it regularly poses no threat. Castor oil supplements are usually in the form of gelatinous capsules. This ingredient is produced by hydrogenation of Ricinus communis (Castor) seed oil. If castor beans are chewed and swallowed, the released ricin can cause injury. He considers himself a sculptor born to chip away at content and reveal its dormant splendor. Follow the instructions set by the doctors and stay vigilant to avoid side effects. Toxicity of castor oil. Toxicity: Toxic to Dogs, Toxic to Cats, Toxic to Horses. Cancer: Ingredients linked to cancer in government, industry or academic studies or assessments. But rat studies under the National Toxicology Program cleared it, stating that castor oil at concentrations up to 10% in the diet of rats was not toxic. Castor oil supplements come in gelatinous capsules and are available only on prescription. Undiluted castor oil was severely irritating to rabbit skin in one study, only slightly irritating in another, mildly irritating to guinea pig and rat skin, but not irritating to miniature swine skin. Castor oil is a popular remedy for tumors, cysts, and cataracts in pets. It is processed in the small intestine to release an active molecule called ricinoleic acid, along with other products (2). You can learn more about how we ensure our content is accurate and current by reading our. The Egyptians must be credited for recognizing its benefits and putting them to use. Characterization of the intact protein and major fragments. Posted by: Nastassia Green in Health and Wellness, Oils: Benefits And Side Effects 0 1,276 Views. The scientific references in this article (the numbers in parentheses) are linked to scientific papers/journals/articles from renowned institutions across the globe. The following two tabs change content below. While the castor oil plant certainly has many benefits, it also has a deadly component: the ricin toxin,found in raw castor beans. Keep it in a place out of your dog’s reach because it can be poisonous when ingested. The three countries account for over 90% of the world’s castor oil production. Do castor oil packs also have side effects? Castor oil has also demonstrated no genotoxic effects. Have you ever asked yourself: “Is castor oil toxic”? There are alternative, safer methods to cure your cat’s constipation than using castor oil. The oil is turned into the ricinoleic acid in your small intestine. Symptoms of ricin poisoning include abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, increased heart rate an… Castor oil overdose can cause nausea. Castor oil is used for constipation and bowel preparation prior to colonoscopy, childbirth, and many other conditions, but there is no good scientific evidence to support these uses. However, muscle weakness and cramps could result from a laxative overdose. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5015816/, https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18080873, https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/002768.htm, https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3862068/, https://toxnet.nlm.nih.gov/cgi-bin/sis/search/a?dbs+hsdb:@term+@DOCNO+1933, https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/002586.htm, https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3384204/, https://medlineplus.gov/druginfo/meds/a607070.html, https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK501875/, https://dailymed.nlm.nih.gov/dailymed/drugInfo.cfm?setid=b29775df-8470-4fe3-bee3-f0490ea6903f, 5 Best Clarifying Shampoos Of 2020 For Fine Hair, 11 Best Sulfate- And Silicone-Free Shampoos, 5 Best Sulfate-Free Shampoos For African American Hair, 11 Surprising Benefits Of Turmeric Tea + How To Make It. Nevertheless, castor oil may cause skin reactions, such as redness and itching. The seed contains Castor Oil, used since at least 4000 BC (based on seeds found in Egyptian tombs) for lamp fuel and god bothering. The side effects of castor oil have been linked to both topical and internal use. True or False: Does Coconut Oil Clog Pores? The deadly poison is left behind in the pulp. At least not as severe as oral ingestion of castor oil would cause. Yes, Castor Oil Can Be Used Topically On Dogs in Moderation. It may also prevent hair-damaging inflammation. Apply to your hair and rinse after half an hour. In fact, castor oil contains ricin, one of the most toxic substances found in nature. The dosage is said to make all the difference, and it is best decided by a healthcare provider. The extraction process of castor oil due to ricin's water-soluble properties negates these toxic properties. Eleuthero: Is This Medicinal Herb Really Safe? Nevertheless, castor oil may cause skin reactions, such as redness and itching. Before you ingest or apply castor oil or any of its products, we urge you to discuss it with your healthcare provider. Castor oil is an excellent traditional remedy for GI tract, hair, and skin ailments. These can occur on the site where the oil is applied (5). This may help cure dandruff as well. However, you can prevent these side effects by taking the necessary precautions. You may also be asked to consume castor oil supplements by your doctor, in a few cases. It is a protein. Is Cod Liver Oil An Effective Cure For Acne? But there is no supporting evidence for this application. Female rats injected with castor oil after estus had anti-implantation and abortive effects. This chemical is described as being virtually non-toxic but has the capacity to sensitize people with hypersensitivity. When the oil is pressed from the seeds toxins are left in the mash. Let’s find out. It is often mentioned that castor oil is toxic because the raw seed of the plant actually is. This is because the supplements carry the risk of higher levels of contamination. But since it has trouble-causing active molecules, its dosage has to be regulated. According to the wikipedia, Castor Oil article, the castor seed contains ricin, a toxic protein. Good castor oil is clear and not cloudy. He started his career as a research writer, primarily focusing on health and wellness, and has over 250 articles to his credit. It has a characteristic odor and a nauseating taste. Save the castor oil for your hair or skin, and use safer, non-toxic oils like coconut oil for your cat’s skin, and olive oil to help with constipation. Its seed is the Ricin is poisonous when ingested or inhaled. Making the pack is simple. Synthetic derivatives of castor oil are administered with other chemotherapy medications to manage breast, lung, ovarian, and skin cancer in patients. It reproduces with a mixed pollination system which favors selfing by geitonogamy but at the same time can be an out-crosser by anemophily or entomophily. However, most patients fail to tolerate its aftertaste and oily texture. Internal intake of castor oil is prohibited for babies and small children. In fact, ricin is one of the most poisonous naturally occurring substances known to mankind. For children under 2 years of age, it is best not to give either castor oil or its supplements. Castor oil is derived from castor beans known for their toxic properties. A Comparison of the Efficacy, Adverse Effects, and Patient Compliance of the Sena-Graph®Syrup and Castor Oil Regimens for Bowel Preparation, Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research, US National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health. Since their safety is not yet established, pregnant or lactating women should specifically avoid these supplements. It is best to let them decide the safety and dosage for you. The major ingredient is ricinoleic acid, a monounsaturated fatty acid with anti-inflammatory properties. It is comprised largely of triglycerides with a high ricinolin content. Some of these include skin rashes, nausea, diarrhea, and muscle cramps. Castor oil packs are known to decrease inflammation, liver detoxification, and stimulation of the thyroid gland (beneficial for hypothyroidism). Toxicity studies with castor oil were performed by incorporating the material at concentrations as high as 10% in diets given to F344/N rats and B6C3F 1 If your cat’s constipated. Castor oil induces laxation and uterus contraction via ricinoleic acid activating prostaglandin EP3 receptors, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, US National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health. 8001-79-4) in F344/N Rats and B6C3F1 Mice (Dosed Feed Studies). Castor, Drugs and Lactation Database (LactMed), Bookshelf, NCBI, US National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health. It is said that castor oil can probably be good for the growth of the eyebrows and eyelashes. What Is The Safe Dosage Of Using Castor Oil? CASTOR OIL liquid, DAILYMED, US National Library of Medicine. Castor oil, TOXNET, US National Library of Medicine, US Department of Health and Human Services. It is of special concern because of its potential use as a biological weapon. Hence, unless advised by your doctor, do not self-medicate with castor oil. Ricinus communis, the castor bean or castor oil plant, is a species of perennial flowering plant in the spurge family, Euphorbiaceae. As the International Castor Oil Association notes, studies show that when people were given castor oil at concentrations not over 10% for 3 months they didn’t suffer from any side effects. This is because castor oil might dry out the skin way too much as the skin around the eyes is delicate. Among castor oil contraindications we may mention: 1). 1992;12:1-B5. What could be the ideal dosage? But consumption of castor oil itself isn’t dangerous; it’s actually quite the opposite. You Have to Try!.. … Ingesting four to eight castor beans is said to be lethal to adults, but reports of castor bean poisoning are relatively rare. However, be sure to use it in moderation since too much can lead to negative reactions for your pup. The oil extracted from castor beans does not contain ricin and therefore is not poisonous. Is castor oil toxic for them? Castor Bean Plant. Castor beans are processed throughout the world to make castor oil. Consult a doctor before taking the plunge (10). This seed oil is a potent laxative. Burpless Fish Oil or Fish Oil in Capsules. However, recent research associates multiple side effects with castor oil. Developmental and reproductive toxicity: Ingredients linked to developmental and reproductive toxicity… Cancer . However, the mechanism behind this effect is not established yet. While the beans are toxic, the oil from them has wonderful medicinal uses in people and their pets. Other castor oil side effects include fainting, shortness of breath, and, in rare cases, hallucinations (3). Do Purple Potatoes Grow Naturally? Laxative overdose, MedlinePlus, US National Library of Medicine, US Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health. Castor oil is an excellent natural alternative for treating dry or irritated skin for your dogs. Castor oil is native to Africa, but has been introduced to tropical and subtropical regions worldwide. Heating during the oil extraction process denatures and inactivates the protein. Before you rush out to purchase a bottle for personal use, do … Click here for additional information . An extract is also found to have anti-implatation, anti-conceptive and estrogenic effects in rats and mice. Ravi Teja Tadimalla is an editor and a published author. Castor oil is classified by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) as generally recognized as safe (GRAS) and effective for use as a laxative. He has a Professional Certificate in Food, Nutrition & Research from Wageningen University. If you have lately had surgery castor oil is not for you. It is the sole species in the monotypic genus, Ricinus, and subtribe, Ricininae. It can be anywhere between a light straw color to the color of gold, but not dark brown. The content is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Castor oil is a natural oil derived from the seeds of the castor bean, Ricinus communis. RELATED: All Castor Oil Side Effects You Must Know. Simply soak a flannel cloth in castor oil. It is poisonous not just to humans but also to various animal species. But ricinoleic acid in it may aggravate the condition of patients with pre-existing skin conditions (2).