1 samuel 20 commentary
! So when, it happened the next day… that David’s place was empty, : “Speaking of him derisively as ‘the son of Jesse,’ thus accentuating his lowly birth, and ignoring the relationship that bound him to the royal family.”, Jonathan answered Saul, “David earnestly asked permission of me to go to Bethlehem”. David reinforced his words with a double oath, and provided Jonathan with the real reason why he had not been taken into the king's confidence in the matter of his decision to kill David. But if he is very angry, be sure that evil is determined by him. : David will not return to “normal life” until Saul is dead, and David is king. He will not be welcome again in the palace and he would not be safe again at home. And Jonathan rose from the table in fierce anger and ate no food the second day of the month, for he was grieved for David, because his father had disgraced him.". But David’s place was empty: David was expected to be at this special feast of the New Moon, and so he his absence was clearly noticed. Then Jonathan gave his weapons to his lad, and said to him, “Go, carry them to the city.”. The first day of the feast, David would be missed; but the real test would come if he missed the second day of the feast. i. And when the New Moon had come, the king sat down to eat the feast. : Jonathan knew from this response that Saul’s heart was settled on evil against David. Is not the arrow beyond you: It took courage for Jonathan to communicate with David, even secretly – because he knew that if his father became aware of it, he would focus his murderous rage against Jonathan again. If your father misses me at all, then say, ‘David earnestly asked permission of me that he might run over to Bethlehem, his city, for there is a yearly sacrifice there for all the family.’ If he says thus: ‘It is well,’ your servant will be safe. He would no longer be welcome at the palace. a. I will shoot three arrows: After Jonathan learned his father’s heart and intention towards David, he would communicate to David through a signal. “But there is something still nobler – when one dares in any company to avow his loyalty to the Lord Jesus. d. There is but a step between me and death: This reveals David’s discouragement. We have to see all of this from David’s perspective. Man proposes, but God disposes. It is not so. SAUL VIOLENTLY ANGRY WITH DAVID AND JONATHAN, "Then Saul's anger was kindled against Jonathan, and he said to him, "You son of a perverse and rebellious woman, do I not know that you have chosen the son of Jesse to your own shame, and to the shame of your mother's nakedness? David wondered if Saul would take the opportunity to reconcile or take the opportunity to kill him. Then Jonathan answered Saul his father, "Why should he be put to death? Jonathan agreed to care for David in the face of Saul’s threat and David agreed to care for Jonathan and his family in the future. He also remembered that Jonathan’s support for him was challenged by the fact that Jonathan is next in line for the throne and therefore might set himself against David. ” David wanted to know if Jonathan has come to a place of agreement with his father Saul. Go to, To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient, "What have I done? Man proposes, but God disposes. He would no longer be welcome at the palace. Please be aware that this might heavily reduce the functionality and appearance of our site. But now all that was gone because David couldn’t stay and Jonathan couldn’t go, so they, : If Jonathan had reason to weep, David had. Changes will take effect once you reload the page. God gives us leave, in prayer, not only to ask good things in general, but to mention that special good thing we most need and desire. The feast was apparently a night affair, because it was "in the morning" (1 Samuel 20:35) of that third day (following the second of the feast) that Jonathan would give the pre-arranged signal to David. And when you have stayed three days, go down quickly and come to the place where you hid on the day of the deed; and remain by the stone Ezel. He knew that Saul attempted to kill him many times, and it seemed Saul would not quit until David was gone. David honored his promise here as revealed in 2 Samuel 21:17. And as for the matter which you and I have spoken of, indeed the LORD be between you and me forever.”. If I knew that it was determined by my father that evil should come upon you, would I not tell you"? ). He also remembered that Jonathan’s support for him was challenged by the fact that Jonathan. 1 Samuel 20 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary is from the most widely read and often quoted preacher in history, Charles Haddon Spurgeon 2. David was obligated to be there. Now the king sat on his seat, as at other times, on a seat by the wall. i. Jonathan shows his spiritual maturity when he says, “as He has been with my father,” because one might think that the LORD was really against Saul instead of for him. One may wonder if some tattle tale at Saul's court, who perhaps had seen David and Jonathan together "in the field," had told Saul of it. For if I knew certainly that evil was determined by my father to come upon you, then would I not tell you?” Then David said to Jonathan, “Who will tell me, or what if your father answers you roughly?” And Jonathan said to David, “Come, and let us go out into the field.” So both of them went out into the field. Like David, he is now in obscurity and disrepute; his name is not popular; his gospel is misrepresented; his followers are subjected to rebuke and scorn. And behold, I will send the lad, saying, `Look, the arrows are on this side of you, take them,' then you are to come, for, as the Lord lives, it is safe for you and there is no danger. 1 Samuel 20 – Jonathan’s Final Attempt to Reconcile His Father and David A. David, coming from Naioth, meets Jonathan. And now, if I have found favor in your eyes, please let me get away and see my brothers.’ Therefore he has not come to the king’s table.” Then Saul’s anger was aroused against Jonathan, and he said to him, “You son of a perverse, rebellious. . Critics affirm here that, "Jonathan's proposition that they should go out into the field where they would be free from observation contradicts the intent of the main narrative, namely, that it would be dangerous for them to be seen together going into the field. A judge was more than a person who presided over a courtroom. Either Saul’s heart has changed towards David and there is safety for you, or Saul was still determined to kill David and the LORD has sent you away.
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